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[Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD].

Abstract

Background There is a growing trend towards the use of alternative forms of treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd), such as the food supplements omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

AIM

To study biochemical aspects, important hypotheses regarding the role of these fatty acids in brain development, the mode of operation and research results concerning the effectiveness of treating adhd with these supplements.

METHOD

A Medline search was performed using the Mesh-term 'fatty acids' and the search terms 'omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids' and 'attention deficit hyperactivity disorder'. results Some rct's (randomised controlled trails) involving children with adhd didn't show any improvement after treatment with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Some other rct's, however, did show a reduction in adhd symptoms and learning difficulties, but the children concerned had not been officially diagnosed with adhd. A recent rct showed a substantial reduction in adhd symptoms in children with the inattentive type of adhd and in children with adhd and comorbid problems.

CONCLUSION

There are indications that there is a theoretical rationale for the effectiveness of fatty acids in the treatment of adhd; research is ongoing. At the moment, however, treatment of adhd with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids is not recommended because it does not qualify as being evidence-based.

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    Source

    Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie 52:2 2010 pg 89-97

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Brain
    Child
    Dietary Supplements
    Evidence-Based Medicine
    Fatty Acids, Omega-3
    Fatty Acids, Omega-6
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Treatment Outcome

    Pub Type(s)

    English Abstract
    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    dut

    PubMed ID

    20146180

    Citation

    Aben, A, and M Danckaerts. "[Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids in the Treatment of Children and Adolescents With ADHD]." Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie, vol. 52, no. 2, 2010, pp. 89-97.
    Aben A, Danckaerts M. [Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD]. Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2010;52(2):89-97.
    Aben, A., & Danckaerts, M. (2010). [Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD]. Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie, 52(2), pp. 89-97.
    Aben A, Danckaerts M. [Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids in the Treatment of Children and Adolescents With ADHD]. Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2010;52(2):89-97. PubMed PMID: 20146180.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - [Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD]. AU - Aben,A, AU - Danckaerts,M, PY - 2010/2/11/entrez PY - 2010/2/11/pubmed PY - 2010/3/24/medline SP - 89 EP - 97 JF - Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie JO - Tijdschr Psychiatr VL - 52 IS - 2 N2 - UNLABELLED: Background There is a growing trend towards the use of alternative forms of treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd), such as the food supplements omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. AIM: To study biochemical aspects, important hypotheses regarding the role of these fatty acids in brain development, the mode of operation and research results concerning the effectiveness of treating adhd with these supplements. METHOD: A Medline search was performed using the Mesh-term 'fatty acids' and the search terms 'omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids' and 'attention deficit hyperactivity disorder'. results Some rct's (randomised controlled trails) involving children with adhd didn't show any improvement after treatment with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Some other rct's, however, did show a reduction in adhd symptoms and learning difficulties, but the children concerned had not been officially diagnosed with adhd. A recent rct showed a substantial reduction in adhd symptoms in children with the inattentive type of adhd and in children with adhd and comorbid problems. CONCLUSION: There are indications that there is a theoretical rationale for the effectiveness of fatty acids in the treatment of adhd; research is ongoing. At the moment, however, treatment of adhd with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids is not recommended because it does not qualify as being evidence-based. SN - 0303-7339 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20146180/[Omega_3_and_omega_6_fatty_acids_in_the_treatment_of_children_and_adolescents_with_ADHD]_ L2 - http://www.tijdschriftvoorpsychiatrie.nl/en/tijdschrift/artikel/TVPart_2917 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -