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Quality of life and effectiveness comparisons of thyroxine withdrawal, triiodothyronine withdrawal, and recombinant thyroid-stimulating hormone administration for low-dose radioiodine remnant ablation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
Thyroid 2010; 20(2):173-9T

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few reports have examined the use of recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH) for ablation of postsurgical thyroid remnants after low-dose radioactive iodine (RI) therapy, compared with conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal. We investigated whether patient preparation using rhTSH was comparable to conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal with respect to efficacy of postsurgical remnant ablation in low-risk patients receiving a 30 mCi RI. In addition, we also evaluated the impact of rhTSH (rhTSH vs. conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal) on quality of life (QoL) of thyroid cancer patients undergoing RI ablation.

METHODS

This study included three groups of patients, enrolled consecutively. From February 2006 to March 2007, 291 patients were enrolled and randomized, after total thyroidectomy: (1) withdrawal of levothyroxine (LT4) for 4 weeks (T4-WD Group, n = 89), (2) withdrawal of LT4 for 4 weeks plus 2 weeks on and then 2 weeks off liothyronine (LT3) (T3-WD Group, n = 133), and (3) rhTSH administration (rhTSH Group, n = 69). QoL was determined at the time of ablation.

RESULTS

Patients in the three groups did not differ significantly in baseline characteristics or tumor, node and metastasis (TNM) staging. In all study groups, serum TSH levels showed very good stimulation (mean, 82.24 +/- 18.21 mU/L), without significant between-group differences (p = 0.5213). Follow-up examinations were performed 12 months after ablation to assess ablation outcome in each group by 131 whole body scans (WBSs), serum thyroglobulin measurement after TSH stimulation, and neck ultrasonography. The successful ablation rate was 91.0% in T4-WD Group, 91.7% in T3-WD Group, and 91.3% in rhTSH Group, without significant between-preparation differences (p = 0.2061). QoL was better preserved in rhTSH Group than in T4-WD and T3-WD Groups (p < 0.0001). However, there was no QoL difference at the time of ablation between T4-WD and T3-WD Groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Our study indicates that use of rhTSH preserves QoL in patients undergoing RI ablation and affords an ablation success rate comparable to that seen after thyroid hormone withdrawal. Notably, ablation preparation using withdrawal of LT3 for 2 weeks did not prevent development of profound hypothyroidism, as also occurred when LT4 alone was withdrawn for 4 weeks.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20151824

Citation

Lee, Jandee, et al. "Quality of Life and Effectiveness Comparisons of Thyroxine Withdrawal, Triiodothyronine Withdrawal, and Recombinant Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Administration for Low-dose Radioiodine Remnant Ablation of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma." Thyroid : Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association, vol. 20, no. 2, 2010, pp. 173-9.
Lee J, Yun MJ, Nam KH, et al. Quality of life and effectiveness comparisons of thyroxine withdrawal, triiodothyronine withdrawal, and recombinant thyroid-stimulating hormone administration for low-dose radioiodine remnant ablation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Thyroid. 2010;20(2):173-9.
Lee, J., Yun, M. J., Nam, K. H., Chung, W. Y., Soh, E. Y., & Park, C. S. (2010). Quality of life and effectiveness comparisons of thyroxine withdrawal, triiodothyronine withdrawal, and recombinant thyroid-stimulating hormone administration for low-dose radioiodine remnant ablation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Thyroid : Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association, 20(2), pp. 173-9. doi:10.1089/thy.2009.0187.
Lee J, et al. Quality of Life and Effectiveness Comparisons of Thyroxine Withdrawal, Triiodothyronine Withdrawal, and Recombinant Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Administration for Low-dose Radioiodine Remnant Ablation of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma. Thyroid. 2010;20(2):173-9. PubMed PMID: 20151824.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Quality of life and effectiveness comparisons of thyroxine withdrawal, triiodothyronine withdrawal, and recombinant thyroid-stimulating hormone administration for low-dose radioiodine remnant ablation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. AU - Lee,Jandee, AU - Yun,Mee Jin, AU - Nam,Kee Hyun, AU - Chung,Woong Youn, AU - Soh,Euy-Young, AU - Park,Cheong Soo, PY - 2010/2/16/entrez PY - 2010/2/16/pubmed PY - 2010/4/30/medline SP - 173 EP - 9 JF - Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association JO - Thyroid VL - 20 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few reports have examined the use of recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH) for ablation of postsurgical thyroid remnants after low-dose radioactive iodine (RI) therapy, compared with conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal. We investigated whether patient preparation using rhTSH was comparable to conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal with respect to efficacy of postsurgical remnant ablation in low-risk patients receiving a 30 mCi RI. In addition, we also evaluated the impact of rhTSH (rhTSH vs. conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal) on quality of life (QoL) of thyroid cancer patients undergoing RI ablation. METHODS: This study included three groups of patients, enrolled consecutively. From February 2006 to March 2007, 291 patients were enrolled and randomized, after total thyroidectomy: (1) withdrawal of levothyroxine (LT4) for 4 weeks (T4-WD Group, n = 89), (2) withdrawal of LT4 for 4 weeks plus 2 weeks on and then 2 weeks off liothyronine (LT3) (T3-WD Group, n = 133), and (3) rhTSH administration (rhTSH Group, n = 69). QoL was determined at the time of ablation. RESULTS: Patients in the three groups did not differ significantly in baseline characteristics or tumor, node and metastasis (TNM) staging. In all study groups, serum TSH levels showed very good stimulation (mean, 82.24 +/- 18.21 mU/L), without significant between-group differences (p = 0.5213). Follow-up examinations were performed 12 months after ablation to assess ablation outcome in each group by 131 whole body scans (WBSs), serum thyroglobulin measurement after TSH stimulation, and neck ultrasonography. The successful ablation rate was 91.0% in T4-WD Group, 91.7% in T3-WD Group, and 91.3% in rhTSH Group, without significant between-preparation differences (p = 0.2061). QoL was better preserved in rhTSH Group than in T4-WD and T3-WD Groups (p < 0.0001). However, there was no QoL difference at the time of ablation between T4-WD and T3-WD Groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that use of rhTSH preserves QoL in patients undergoing RI ablation and affords an ablation success rate comparable to that seen after thyroid hormone withdrawal. Notably, ablation preparation using withdrawal of LT3 for 2 weeks did not prevent development of profound hypothyroidism, as also occurred when LT4 alone was withdrawn for 4 weeks. SN - 1557-9077 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20151824/Quality_of_life_and_effectiveness_comparisons_of_thyroxine_withdrawal_triiodothyronine_withdrawal_and_recombinant_thyroid_stimulating_hormone_administration_for_low_dose_radioiodine_remnant_ablation_of_differentiated_thyroid_carcinoma_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/thy.2009.0187?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -