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Low-fat dairy consumption reduces systolic blood pressure, but does not improve other metabolic risk parameters in overweight and obese subjects.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2011 May; 21(5):355-61.NM

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

Epidemiological studies have indicated a negative relation between low-fat dairy consumption and the metabolic syndrome. However, evidence from intervention studies is scarce. Our aim was to investigate the effects of daily consumption of low-fat dairy products on metabolic risk parameters in overweight and obese men and women.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Thirty-five healthy subjects (BMI>27 kg/m(2)) consumed low-fat dairy products (500 mL low-fat milk and 150 g low-fat yogurt) or carbohydrate-rich control products (600 mL fruit juice and 3 fruit biscuits) daily for 8 weeks in random order. Compared with the control period, systolic blood pressure was decreased by 2.9 mm Hg (95% confidence interval (CI), -5.5 to -0.3 mm Hg; P=0.027), while the difference in diastolic blood pressure did not reach statistical significance (95% CI, -3.4 to 0.3 mm Hg; P=0.090). Low-fat dairy consumption decreased HDL-cholesterol concentrations by 0.04 mmol/L (95% CI, -0.07 to -0.01 mmol/L; P=0.021) and apo A-1 concentrations by 0.04 g/L (95% CI, -0.07 to -0.01 g/L; P=0.016) compared with control. Serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, apo B, triacylglycerols, non-esterified fatty acids, glucose, insulin, C-reactive protein and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were unchanged.

CONCLUSION

We conclude that in overweight and obese subjects, daily intake of low-fat dairy products for 8 weeks decreased systolic blood pressure, but did not improve other metabolic risk factors related to the metabolic syndrome.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. L.vanMeijl@hb.unimaas.nlNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20153619

Citation

van Meijl, L E C., and R P. Mensink. "Low-fat Dairy Consumption Reduces Systolic Blood Pressure, but Does Not Improve Other Metabolic Risk Parameters in Overweight and Obese Subjects." Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, vol. 21, no. 5, 2011, pp. 355-61.
van Meijl LE, Mensink RP. Low-fat dairy consumption reduces systolic blood pressure, but does not improve other metabolic risk parameters in overweight and obese subjects. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2011;21(5):355-61.
van Meijl, L. E., & Mensink, R. P. (2011). Low-fat dairy consumption reduces systolic blood pressure, but does not improve other metabolic risk parameters in overweight and obese subjects. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 21(5), 355-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2009.10.008
van Meijl LE, Mensink RP. Low-fat Dairy Consumption Reduces Systolic Blood Pressure, but Does Not Improve Other Metabolic Risk Parameters in Overweight and Obese Subjects. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2011;21(5):355-61. PubMed PMID: 20153619.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low-fat dairy consumption reduces systolic blood pressure, but does not improve other metabolic risk parameters in overweight and obese subjects. AU - van Meijl,L E C, AU - Mensink,R P, Y1 - 2010/02/13/ PY - 2009/05/07/received PY - 2009/10/20/revised PY - 2009/10/21/accepted PY - 2010/2/16/entrez PY - 2010/2/16/pubmed PY - 2011/8/5/medline SP - 355 EP - 61 JF - Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD JO - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis VL - 21 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological studies have indicated a negative relation between low-fat dairy consumption and the metabolic syndrome. However, evidence from intervention studies is scarce. Our aim was to investigate the effects of daily consumption of low-fat dairy products on metabolic risk parameters in overweight and obese men and women. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-five healthy subjects (BMI>27 kg/m(2)) consumed low-fat dairy products (500 mL low-fat milk and 150 g low-fat yogurt) or carbohydrate-rich control products (600 mL fruit juice and 3 fruit biscuits) daily for 8 weeks in random order. Compared with the control period, systolic blood pressure was decreased by 2.9 mm Hg (95% confidence interval (CI), -5.5 to -0.3 mm Hg; P=0.027), while the difference in diastolic blood pressure did not reach statistical significance (95% CI, -3.4 to 0.3 mm Hg; P=0.090). Low-fat dairy consumption decreased HDL-cholesterol concentrations by 0.04 mmol/L (95% CI, -0.07 to -0.01 mmol/L; P=0.021) and apo A-1 concentrations by 0.04 g/L (95% CI, -0.07 to -0.01 g/L; P=0.016) compared with control. Serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, apo B, triacylglycerols, non-esterified fatty acids, glucose, insulin, C-reactive protein and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were unchanged. CONCLUSION: We conclude that in overweight and obese subjects, daily intake of low-fat dairy products for 8 weeks decreased systolic blood pressure, but did not improve other metabolic risk factors related to the metabolic syndrome. SN - 1590-3729 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20153619/Low_fat_dairy_consumption_reduces_systolic_blood_pressure_but_does_not_improve_other_metabolic_risk_parameters_in_overweight_and_obese_subjects_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0939-4753(09)00254-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -