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Dual action microbicides: reappraisal of their roles in contraceptive research.
Reprod Biomed Online. 2010 Jan; 20(1):103-13.RB

Abstract

Of the variety of contraceptive options available for women, very few provide dual protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Due to increased incidence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), genital herpes, hepatitis B and human papilloma virus, development of novel contraceptive strategies that incorporate antiviral activity has become the top priority in contraceptive research. Topical microbicides are now considered to be the last ray of hope, as they would ideally provide protection against unwanted pregnancy, proper lubrication during sexual activity, and preclude the vaginal/rectal transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. A large number of vaginal microbicides are in the preclinical or clinical stages of evaluation for their safety, efficacy and acceptability. However, a major bottleneck in the development of novel mechanism-based dual microbicides has been their detergent-like effects, along with debilitating action on the vaginal microflora. Hence the search is still on for the ideal dual microbicide/s that may obliterate these disadvantages and provide an invincible shield to women in their crusade against unintended pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted diseases. The present review highlights the current scenario towards the development of novel contraceptive strategies to counteract the rampant spread of sexually transmitted diseases, with special reference to HIV/AIDS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Reproductive Biology Research, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032, India.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20158995

Citation

Chandran, Poornima, and Syed N. Kabir. "Dual Action Microbicides: Reappraisal of Their Roles in Contraceptive Research." Reproductive Biomedicine Online, vol. 20, no. 1, 2010, pp. 103-13.
Chandran P, Kabir SN. Dual action microbicides: reappraisal of their roles in contraceptive research. Reprod Biomed Online. 2010;20(1):103-13.
Chandran, P., & Kabir, S. N. (2010). Dual action microbicides: reappraisal of their roles in contraceptive research. Reproductive Biomedicine Online, 20(1), 103-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2009.10.018
Chandran P, Kabir SN. Dual Action Microbicides: Reappraisal of Their Roles in Contraceptive Research. Reprod Biomed Online. 2010;20(1):103-13. PubMed PMID: 20158995.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dual action microbicides: reappraisal of their roles in contraceptive research. AU - Chandran,Poornima, AU - Kabir,Syed N, Y1 - 2009/10/31/ PY - 2009/03/23/received PY - 2009/05/22/revised PY - 2009/09/11/accepted PY - 2010/2/18/entrez PY - 2010/2/18/pubmed PY - 2010/7/30/medline SP - 103 EP - 13 JF - Reproductive biomedicine online JO - Reprod Biomed Online VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - Of the variety of contraceptive options available for women, very few provide dual protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Due to increased incidence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), genital herpes, hepatitis B and human papilloma virus, development of novel contraceptive strategies that incorporate antiviral activity has become the top priority in contraceptive research. Topical microbicides are now considered to be the last ray of hope, as they would ideally provide protection against unwanted pregnancy, proper lubrication during sexual activity, and preclude the vaginal/rectal transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. A large number of vaginal microbicides are in the preclinical or clinical stages of evaluation for their safety, efficacy and acceptability. However, a major bottleneck in the development of novel mechanism-based dual microbicides has been their detergent-like effects, along with debilitating action on the vaginal microflora. Hence the search is still on for the ideal dual microbicide/s that may obliterate these disadvantages and provide an invincible shield to women in their crusade against unintended pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted diseases. The present review highlights the current scenario towards the development of novel contraceptive strategies to counteract the rampant spread of sexually transmitted diseases, with special reference to HIV/AIDS. SN - 1472-6491 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20158995/Dual_action_microbicides:_reappraisal_of_their_roles_in_contraceptive_research_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1472-6483(09)00161-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -