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Risk factors for Schistosoma haematobium infection and morbidity in two villages with different transmission patterns in Niger.
Acta Trop. 2010 Jul-Aug; 115(1-2):84-9.AT

Abstract

A better control of major neglected tropical diseases such as schistosomiasis is urgently needed to reduce their impact on public health in developing countries. To optimize the efficiency of intervention campaigns, we assessed the influence of individual human factors on the level of Schistosoma haematobium infection and morbidity in a typical Sahelian country (Niger). Random samples of 246 and 257 individuals were selected from general census in two villages with distinct patterns of schistosome transmission. One village (Lossa) is located in an area of perennial transmission whereas transmission is seasonal in the other village (Tara). Despite comparable levels of both egg excretion and lower tract pathology in the two villages, the inhabitants of Lossa had a higher risk (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.1-3.9) of developing upper tract lesions compared to those living in Tara. In both villages, bladder lesions were more serious in males than in females. Children between 7 and 15 years old were the most at risk to experience heavy infections (OR: 3.4, 95% CI: 2.1-5.7), bladder (OR: 4.5, 95% CI: 2.6-7.8) and upper tract (OR: 10.4, 95% CI: 2.4-45.0) lesions, independently of gender and village. These results confirm that targeted intervention campaigns should include foci regardless of their schistosome transmission pattern and focus on the school-aged population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre de Recherche Médicale et Sanitaire, BP 10887, Niamey, Niger.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20171156

Citation

Garba, Amadou, et al. "Risk Factors for Schistosoma Haematobium Infection and Morbidity in Two Villages With Different Transmission Patterns in Niger." Acta Tropica, vol. 115, no. 1-2, 2010, pp. 84-9.
Garba A, Pion S, Cournil A, et al. Risk factors for Schistosoma haematobium infection and morbidity in two villages with different transmission patterns in Niger. Acta Trop. 2010;115(1-2):84-9.
Garba, A., Pion, S., Cournil, A., Milet, J., Schneider, D., Campagne, G., Chippaux, J. P., & Boulanger, D. (2010). Risk factors for Schistosoma haematobium infection and morbidity in two villages with different transmission patterns in Niger. Acta Tropica, 115(1-2), 84-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2010.02.007
Garba A, et al. Risk Factors for Schistosoma Haematobium Infection and Morbidity in Two Villages With Different Transmission Patterns in Niger. Acta Trop. 2010 Jul-Aug;115(1-2):84-9. PubMed PMID: 20171156.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors for Schistosoma haematobium infection and morbidity in two villages with different transmission patterns in Niger. AU - Garba,Amadou, AU - Pion,Sébastien, AU - Cournil,Amandine, AU - Milet,Jacqueline, AU - Schneider,Dominique, AU - Campagne,Gérard, AU - Chippaux,Jean-Philippe, AU - Boulanger,Denis, Y1 - 2010/02/18/ PY - 2009/09/04/received PY - 2010/01/15/revised PY - 2010/02/11/accepted PY - 2010/2/23/entrez PY - 2010/2/23/pubmed PY - 2010/8/14/medline SP - 84 EP - 9 JF - Acta tropica JO - Acta Trop VL - 115 IS - 1-2 N2 - A better control of major neglected tropical diseases such as schistosomiasis is urgently needed to reduce their impact on public health in developing countries. To optimize the efficiency of intervention campaigns, we assessed the influence of individual human factors on the level of Schistosoma haematobium infection and morbidity in a typical Sahelian country (Niger). Random samples of 246 and 257 individuals were selected from general census in two villages with distinct patterns of schistosome transmission. One village (Lossa) is located in an area of perennial transmission whereas transmission is seasonal in the other village (Tara). Despite comparable levels of both egg excretion and lower tract pathology in the two villages, the inhabitants of Lossa had a higher risk (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.1-3.9) of developing upper tract lesions compared to those living in Tara. In both villages, bladder lesions were more serious in males than in females. Children between 7 and 15 years old were the most at risk to experience heavy infections (OR: 3.4, 95% CI: 2.1-5.7), bladder (OR: 4.5, 95% CI: 2.6-7.8) and upper tract (OR: 10.4, 95% CI: 2.4-45.0) lesions, independently of gender and village. These results confirm that targeted intervention campaigns should include foci regardless of their schistosome transmission pattern and focus on the school-aged population. SN - 1873-6254 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20171156/Risk_factors_for_Schistosoma_haematobium_infection_and_morbidity_in_two_villages_with_different_transmission_patterns_in_Niger_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -