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Poly-victimization in a national sample of children and youth.
Am J Prev Med. 2010 Mar; 38(3):323-30.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Most studies of children's exposure to violence focus on separate, relatively narrow categories of victimization (such as sexual abuse, physical maltreatment, or bullying), paying less attention to exposure to multiple forms of victimization.

PURPOSE

This study documents children's lifetime exposure to multiple victimization types (i.e., "poly-victimization") and examines the association between poly-victimization and extent of trauma symptomatology.

METHODS

Analyses were based on telephone interviews conducted between January 2008 and May 2008 with a nationally representative sample of 4053 children aged 2-17 years and their caregivers.

RESULTS

Exposure to multiple forms of victimization was common. Almost 66% of the sample was exposed to more than one type of victimization, 30% experienced five or more types, and 10% experienced 11 or more different forms of victimization in their lifetimes. Poly-victims comprise a substantial portion of the children who would be identified by screening for an individual victimization type, such as sexual assault or witnessing parental violence. Poly-victimization is more highly related to trauma symptoms than experiencing repeated victimizations of a single type and explains a large part of the associations between individual forms of victimization and symptom levels.

CONCLUSIONS

Studies focusing on single forms of victimization are likely to underestimate the full burden of victimization that children experience and to incorrectly specify the risk profiles of victims. Research, clinical practice, and intervention strategies are likely to improve with more comprehensive assessments of victimization exposure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Crimes Against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, 20 Academic Way, Durham, NH 03857, USA. haturner@cisunix.unh.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20171535

Citation

Turner, Heather A., et al. "Poly-victimization in a National Sample of Children and Youth." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 38, no. 3, 2010, pp. 323-30.
Turner HA, Finkelhor D, Ormrod R. Poly-victimization in a national sample of children and youth. Am J Prev Med. 2010;38(3):323-30.
Turner, H. A., Finkelhor, D., & Ormrod, R. (2010). Poly-victimization in a national sample of children and youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38(3), 323-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.11.012
Turner HA, Finkelhor D, Ormrod R. Poly-victimization in a National Sample of Children and Youth. Am J Prev Med. 2010;38(3):323-30. PubMed PMID: 20171535.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Poly-victimization in a national sample of children and youth. AU - Turner,Heather A, AU - Finkelhor,David, AU - Ormrod,Richard, PY - 2009/06/17/received PY - 2009/09/15/revised PY - 2009/11/18/accepted PY - 2010/2/23/entrez PY - 2010/2/23/pubmed PY - 2010/5/12/medline SP - 323 EP - 30 JF - American journal of preventive medicine JO - Am J Prev Med VL - 38 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Most studies of children's exposure to violence focus on separate, relatively narrow categories of victimization (such as sexual abuse, physical maltreatment, or bullying), paying less attention to exposure to multiple forms of victimization. PURPOSE: This study documents children's lifetime exposure to multiple victimization types (i.e., "poly-victimization") and examines the association between poly-victimization and extent of trauma symptomatology. METHODS: Analyses were based on telephone interviews conducted between January 2008 and May 2008 with a nationally representative sample of 4053 children aged 2-17 years and their caregivers. RESULTS: Exposure to multiple forms of victimization was common. Almost 66% of the sample was exposed to more than one type of victimization, 30% experienced five or more types, and 10% experienced 11 or more different forms of victimization in their lifetimes. Poly-victims comprise a substantial portion of the children who would be identified by screening for an individual victimization type, such as sexual assault or witnessing parental violence. Poly-victimization is more highly related to trauma symptoms than experiencing repeated victimizations of a single type and explains a large part of the associations between individual forms of victimization and symptom levels. CONCLUSIONS: Studies focusing on single forms of victimization are likely to underestimate the full burden of victimization that children experience and to incorrectly specify the risk profiles of victims. Research, clinical practice, and intervention strategies are likely to improve with more comprehensive assessments of victimization exposure. SN - 1873-2607 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20171535/Poly_victimization_in_a_national_sample_of_children_and_youth_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0749-3797(09)00853-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -