Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome associated with p63 mutation and an uncommon phenotype.Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2010 Sep; 47(5):544-7.CP
Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome is an uncommon disorder that includes a clinical spectrum of limb, facial, ocular, internal ear, and urogenital malformations. The disease is caused by heterozygous mutations in the 3q27-29 located p63 gene. In this paper we describe a 17-year-old girl affected by ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome with a de novo p63 mutation that predicts a heterozygous missense substitution (arginine to tryptophan substitution caused by a cytosine to thymine transition) at the amino acid 304 (R304W) of the p63 DNA-binding domain. Scattered freckles on face, legs, and abdominal region, an uncommon feature associated with this syndrome, were recognized in our patient. The clinical features and genotype-phenotype correlation with previous p63 mutations related to the syndrome are discussed and compared with those observed in our patient. This case expands the phenotypic spectrum of ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome.