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Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms in Malay women.
Women Health. 2009 Dec; 49(8):573-91.WH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Due to a dearth of research on depressive symptoms in Malaysia, particularly in Malay women, a community study was conducted to examine the prevalence and factors associated with current depressive symptoms in rural and urban Malay women with low socioeconomic status.

METHOD

Four hundred eighty-seven women (N rural = 242, N urban = 245) were interviewed. Information on socio-demographic variables, potential risk factors (family history of mental health problems, lifetime major depressive symptoms, and current life stressors), and current depressive symptoms (measured by the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D) was collected.

RESULTS

The prevalence of current depressive symptoms (CES-D scores > or = 16) reported was 34.5%, while the prevalence of lifetime major depressive symptoms was 27.5%. A significantly higher rate of current depressive symptoms was observed in urban women compared to rural women, chi(2) (1, N = 487) = 3.99, p < .05. However, no significant difference was found in the two groups of women in the prevalence of lifetime major depressive symptoms. The results of the multiple hierarchical regression analysis indicated that three potential factors (family history of mental health problems, lifetime major depressive symptoms, and current life stressors) were positively associated with current depressive symptoms, accounting for 17.8% of the variance, over and above the socio-demographic variables.

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of depressive symptoms reported in the study was comparable to past studies. Among the factors associated with current depressive symptoms, the single most important was lifetime major depressive symptoms, followed by current life stressors, and family history of mental health problems. Among the socio-demographic variables used, perceived health status was the most important. The factors associated with depressive symptoms found in this study are consistent with past findings in the West, implying the universality of the phenomenon and common factors related to depressive symptoms in women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20183102

Citation

Din, Meriam Omar, and Noraini M. Noor. "Prevalence and Factors Associated With Depressive Symptoms in Malay Women." Women & Health, vol. 49, no. 8, 2009, pp. 573-91.
Din MO, Noor NM. Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms in Malay women. Women Health. 2009;49(8):573-91.
Din, M. O., & Noor, N. M. (2009). Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms in Malay women. Women & Health, 49(8), 573-91. https://doi.org/10.1080/03630240903495897
Din MO, Noor NM. Prevalence and Factors Associated With Depressive Symptoms in Malay Women. Women Health. 2009;49(8):573-91. PubMed PMID: 20183102.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms in Malay women. AU - Din,Meriam Omar, AU - Noor,Noraini M, PY - 2010/2/26/entrez PY - 2010/2/26/pubmed PY - 2010/4/7/medline SP - 573 EP - 91 JF - Women & health JO - Women Health VL - 49 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Due to a dearth of research on depressive symptoms in Malaysia, particularly in Malay women, a community study was conducted to examine the prevalence and factors associated with current depressive symptoms in rural and urban Malay women with low socioeconomic status. METHOD: Four hundred eighty-seven women (N rural = 242, N urban = 245) were interviewed. Information on socio-demographic variables, potential risk factors (family history of mental health problems, lifetime major depressive symptoms, and current life stressors), and current depressive symptoms (measured by the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D) was collected. RESULTS: The prevalence of current depressive symptoms (CES-D scores > or = 16) reported was 34.5%, while the prevalence of lifetime major depressive symptoms was 27.5%. A significantly higher rate of current depressive symptoms was observed in urban women compared to rural women, chi(2) (1, N = 487) = 3.99, p < .05. However, no significant difference was found in the two groups of women in the prevalence of lifetime major depressive symptoms. The results of the multiple hierarchical regression analysis indicated that three potential factors (family history of mental health problems, lifetime major depressive symptoms, and current life stressors) were positively associated with current depressive symptoms, accounting for 17.8% of the variance, over and above the socio-demographic variables. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of depressive symptoms reported in the study was comparable to past studies. Among the factors associated with current depressive symptoms, the single most important was lifetime major depressive symptoms, followed by current life stressors, and family history of mental health problems. Among the socio-demographic variables used, perceived health status was the most important. The factors associated with depressive symptoms found in this study are consistent with past findings in the West, implying the universality of the phenomenon and common factors related to depressive symptoms in women. SN - 1541-0331 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20183102/Prevalence_and_factors_associated_with_depressive_symptoms_in_Malay_women_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03630240903495897 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -