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Blue car, red car: Developing efficiency in online interpretation of adjective-noun phrases.
Cogn Psychol 2010; 60(3):190-217CP

Abstract

Two experiments investigated the development of fluency in interpreting adjective-noun phrases in 30- and 36-month-old English-learning children. Using online processing measures, children's gaze patterns were monitored as they heard the familiar adjective-noun phrases (e.g. blue car) in visual contexts where the adjective was either informative (e.g. blue car paired with red car or red house) or uninformative (e.g. blue car paired with blue house). Thirty-six-month-olds processed adjective-noun phrases incrementally as adults do, orienting more quickly to the target picture on informative-adjective trials than on control trials. Thirty-month-olds did not make incremental use of informative adjectives, and experienced disruption on trials when the two potential referents were identical in kind. In the younger children, difficulty in integrating prenominal adjectives with the subsequent noun was associated with slower processing speed across conditions. These findings provide evidence that skill in putting color word knowledge to use in real-time language processing emerges gradually over the third year.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States. afernald@stanford.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20189552

Citation

Fernald, Anne, et al. "Blue Car, Red Car: Developing Efficiency in Online Interpretation of Adjective-noun Phrases." Cognitive Psychology, vol. 60, no. 3, 2010, pp. 190-217.
Fernald A, Thorpe K, Marchman VA. Blue car, red car: Developing efficiency in online interpretation of adjective-noun phrases. Cogn Psychol. 2010;60(3):190-217.
Fernald, A., Thorpe, K., & Marchman, V. A. (2010). Blue car, red car: Developing efficiency in online interpretation of adjective-noun phrases. Cognitive Psychology, 60(3), pp. 190-217. doi:10.1016/j.cogpsych.2009.12.002.
Fernald A, Thorpe K, Marchman VA. Blue Car, Red Car: Developing Efficiency in Online Interpretation of Adjective-noun Phrases. Cogn Psychol. 2010;60(3):190-217. PubMed PMID: 20189552.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Blue car, red car: Developing efficiency in online interpretation of adjective-noun phrases. AU - Fernald,Anne, AU - Thorpe,Kirsten, AU - Marchman,Virginia A, Y1 - 2010/03/01/ PY - 2006/10/31/received PY - 2009/12/21/revised PY - 2009/12/23/accepted PY - 2010/3/2/entrez PY - 2010/3/2/pubmed PY - 2010/6/9/medline SP - 190 EP - 217 JF - Cognitive psychology JO - Cogn Psychol VL - 60 IS - 3 N2 - Two experiments investigated the development of fluency in interpreting adjective-noun phrases in 30- and 36-month-old English-learning children. Using online processing measures, children's gaze patterns were monitored as they heard the familiar adjective-noun phrases (e.g. blue car) in visual contexts where the adjective was either informative (e.g. blue car paired with red car or red house) or uninformative (e.g. blue car paired with blue house). Thirty-six-month-olds processed adjective-noun phrases incrementally as adults do, orienting more quickly to the target picture on informative-adjective trials than on control trials. Thirty-month-olds did not make incremental use of informative adjectives, and experienced disruption on trials when the two potential referents were identical in kind. In the younger children, difficulty in integrating prenominal adjectives with the subsequent noun was associated with slower processing speed across conditions. These findings provide evidence that skill in putting color word knowledge to use in real-time language processing emerges gradually over the third year. SN - 1095-5623 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20189552/Blue_car_red_car:_Developing_efficiency_in_online_interpretation_of_adjective_noun_phrases_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-0285(09)00083-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -