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Healthy eating index-C is positively associated with family dinner frequency among students in grades 6-8 from Southern Ontario, Canada.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 May; 64(5):454-60.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

Unhealthy eating behaviours may contribute to the rising prevalence of childhood obesity in Canada. The purpose of this study was to describe family dinner frequency (FDF) and its associations with overall diet quality.

SUBJECTS/METHODS

The sample included grades six (n=372), seven (n=429) and eight (n=487) students from Southern Ontario. Data were collected with the Food Behaviour Questionnaire, including a single 24-h dietary recall and questions about individual meals. Diet quality was calculated using the Healthy Eating Index-C (HEI-C), which is a recently modified diet quality index.

RESULTS

The majority of participants (65%) reported frequent family dinner meals (6-7 days/week versus 20% on 3-5 days/week and 15% on 0-2 days/week). Diet quality scores were higher among participants reporting 6-7 dinners/week (HEI-C=66.2 versus 62.1 and 62.8 for 0-2 and 3-5 days/week, respectively, P<0.001). Adjusted models reported that diet quality scores were also associated with whom participants consumed breakfast (P<0.001), lunch (P<0.001) and dinner (P<0.001), yet they were most strongly associated (negatively) with participants who skipped the meal altogether.

CONCLUSIONS

Increased family dinner meals were positively associated with daily diet quality and negatively associated with breakfast and lunch skipping. Promoting family dinner meals in healthy living intervention strategies is advised.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada. woodruff@uwindsor.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20197788

Citation

Woodruff, S J., et al. "Healthy Eating index-C Is Positively Associated With Family Dinner Frequency Among Students in Grades 6-8 From Southern Ontario, Canada." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 64, no. 5, 2010, pp. 454-60.
Woodruff SJ, Hanning RM, McGoldrick K, et al. Healthy eating index-C is positively associated with family dinner frequency among students in grades 6-8 from Southern Ontario, Canada. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010;64(5):454-60.
Woodruff, S. J., Hanning, R. M., McGoldrick, K., & Brown, K. S. (2010). Healthy eating index-C is positively associated with family dinner frequency among students in grades 6-8 from Southern Ontario, Canada. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64(5), 454-60. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2010.14
Woodruff SJ, et al. Healthy Eating index-C Is Positively Associated With Family Dinner Frequency Among Students in Grades 6-8 From Southern Ontario, Canada. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010;64(5):454-60. PubMed PMID: 20197788.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Healthy eating index-C is positively associated with family dinner frequency among students in grades 6-8 from Southern Ontario, Canada. AU - Woodruff,S J, AU - Hanning,R M, AU - McGoldrick,K, AU - Brown,K S, Y1 - 2010/03/03/ PY - 2010/3/4/entrez PY - 2010/3/4/pubmed PY - 2010/10/13/medline SP - 454 EP - 60 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 64 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Unhealthy eating behaviours may contribute to the rising prevalence of childhood obesity in Canada. The purpose of this study was to describe family dinner frequency (FDF) and its associations with overall diet quality. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The sample included grades six (n=372), seven (n=429) and eight (n=487) students from Southern Ontario. Data were collected with the Food Behaviour Questionnaire, including a single 24-h dietary recall and questions about individual meals. Diet quality was calculated using the Healthy Eating Index-C (HEI-C), which is a recently modified diet quality index. RESULTS: The majority of participants (65%) reported frequent family dinner meals (6-7 days/week versus 20% on 3-5 days/week and 15% on 0-2 days/week). Diet quality scores were higher among participants reporting 6-7 dinners/week (HEI-C=66.2 versus 62.1 and 62.8 for 0-2 and 3-5 days/week, respectively, P<0.001). Adjusted models reported that diet quality scores were also associated with whom participants consumed breakfast (P<0.001), lunch (P<0.001) and dinner (P<0.001), yet they were most strongly associated (negatively) with participants who skipped the meal altogether. CONCLUSIONS: Increased family dinner meals were positively associated with daily diet quality and negatively associated with breakfast and lunch skipping. Promoting family dinner meals in healthy living intervention strategies is advised. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20197788/Healthy_eating_index_C_is_positively_associated_with_family_dinner_frequency_among_students_in_grades_6_8_from_Southern_Ontario_Canada_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2010.14 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -