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In vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2008 Jul-Sep; 112(3):832-6.RM

Abstract

In our study, four samples of volatile oil from Foeniculum vulgare, cultivated in different pedoclimatic conditions, were investigated for their antimicrobial activity and chemical composition.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Organisms. Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Candida albicans were included in the report. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests. The comparative inhibitory activity of volatile oil samples with other antimicrobial agents was quantitative determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Oil samples are the volatile oils extracted by steam distillation, from two ecological vegetative populations of Foeniculum vulgare. Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to determine the chemical composition of the essential oils.

RESULTS

All oil samples have a good activity against E. coli and S. aureus at low concentrations. Against B. cereus and P. aeruginosa these oil samples are less active. The oil samples were generally bactericidal at a concentration up to twofold or fourfold higher than the MIC value. Significantly synergic activity with amoxicillin or tetracycline showed all fennel samples against E. coli, Sarcina lutea and B. subtilis strains. Fennel oil samples have shown high activity against Candida albicans.

CONCLUSION

No significant antimicrobial activity variations were observed for Foeniculum vulgare volatile oil samples obtained after two or three years cultivation period. The most important identified compounds in all samples of fennel volatile oils were trans-anethole, estragole, fenchone, limonene, alpha-pinene and gamma-terpinene.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, "Gr.T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iaşi.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20201277

Citation

Aprotosoaie, Ana Clara, et al. "In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Foeniculum Vulgare Mill." Revista Medico-chirurgicala a Societatii De Medici Si Naturalisti Din Iasi, vol. 112, no. 3, 2008, pp. 832-6.
Aprotosoaie AC, Hăncianu M, Poiată A, et al. In vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2008;112(3):832-6.
Aprotosoaie, A. C., Hăncianu, M., Poiată, A., Tuchiluş, C., Spac, A., Cioană, O., Gille, E., & Stănescu, U. (2008). In vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Revista Medico-chirurgicala a Societatii De Medici Si Naturalisti Din Iasi, 112(3), 832-6.
Aprotosoaie AC, et al. In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Foeniculum Vulgare Mill. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2008 Jul-Sep;112(3):832-6. PubMed PMID: 20201277.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - In vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. AU - Aprotosoaie,Ana Clara, AU - Hăncianu,Monica, AU - Poiată,Antonia, AU - Tuchiluş,Cristina, AU - Spac,A, AU - Cioană,Oana, AU - Gille,Elvira, AU - Stănescu,Ursula, PY - 2010/3/6/entrez PY - 2008/7/1/pubmed PY - 2010/4/17/medline SP - 832 EP - 6 JF - Revista medico-chirurgicala a Societatii de Medici si Naturalisti din Iasi JO - Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi VL - 112 IS - 3 N2 - UNLABELLED: In our study, four samples of volatile oil from Foeniculum vulgare, cultivated in different pedoclimatic conditions, were investigated for their antimicrobial activity and chemical composition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Organisms. Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Candida albicans were included in the report. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests. The comparative inhibitory activity of volatile oil samples with other antimicrobial agents was quantitative determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Oil samples are the volatile oils extracted by steam distillation, from two ecological vegetative populations of Foeniculum vulgare. Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to determine the chemical composition of the essential oils. RESULTS: All oil samples have a good activity against E. coli and S. aureus at low concentrations. Against B. cereus and P. aeruginosa these oil samples are less active. The oil samples were generally bactericidal at a concentration up to twofold or fourfold higher than the MIC value. Significantly synergic activity with amoxicillin or tetracycline showed all fennel samples against E. coli, Sarcina lutea and B. subtilis strains. Fennel oil samples have shown high activity against Candida albicans. CONCLUSION: No significant antimicrobial activity variations were observed for Foeniculum vulgare volatile oil samples obtained after two or three years cultivation period. The most important identified compounds in all samples of fennel volatile oils were trans-anethole, estragole, fenchone, limonene, alpha-pinene and gamma-terpinene. SN - 0048-7848 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20201277/In_vitro_antimicrobial_activity_and_chemical_composition_of_the_essential_oil_of_Foeniculum_vulgare_Mill_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -