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Children's intergroup empathic processing: the roles of novel ingroup identification, situational distress, and social anxiety.
J Exp Child Psychol. 2010 Jun-Jul; 106(2-3):115-28.JE

Abstract

Individuals often feel more empathy toward members of their own social groups than toward members of other social groups. However, individual factors contributing to this empathy bias remain largely unexplored among children. This study examined intergroup empathic processing among 94 children (mean age=8.74years, SD=1.76) assigned to novel color groups. After 1week in their group, children were interviewed to assess their ingroup identification and trait levels of social anxiety. Subsequently, a social threat was simulated, and children's feelings of situational distress and empathy bias for others who experienced the same threat were assessed. Findings indicated that, among children who reported more social anxiety and situational distress, those with a stronger ingroup identity displayed more empathy bias favoring their ingroup. Given that empathy is an important contributor to prosocial behavior, implications for children's intergroup relations are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. cmasten@ucla.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20202649

Citation

Masten, Carrie L., et al. "Children's Intergroup Empathic Processing: the Roles of Novel Ingroup Identification, Situational Distress, and Social Anxiety." Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 106, no. 2-3, 2010, pp. 115-28.
Masten CL, Gillen-O'Neel C, Brown CS. Children's intergroup empathic processing: the roles of novel ingroup identification, situational distress, and social anxiety. J Exp Child Psychol. 2010;106(2-3):115-28.
Masten, C. L., Gillen-O'Neel, C., & Brown, C. S. (2010). Children's intergroup empathic processing: the roles of novel ingroup identification, situational distress, and social anxiety. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 106(2-3), 115-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2010.01.002
Masten CL, Gillen-O'Neel C, Brown CS. Children's Intergroup Empathic Processing: the Roles of Novel Ingroup Identification, Situational Distress, and Social Anxiety. J Exp Child Psychol. 2010 Jun-Jul;106(2-3):115-28. PubMed PMID: 20202649.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Children's intergroup empathic processing: the roles of novel ingroup identification, situational distress, and social anxiety. AU - Masten,Carrie L, AU - Gillen-O'Neel,Cari, AU - Brown,Christia Spears, Y1 - 2010/03/03/ PY - 2009/06/10/received PY - 2010/01/06/revised PY - 2010/01/06/accepted PY - 2010/3/6/entrez PY - 2010/3/6/pubmed PY - 2010/9/9/medline SP - 115 EP - 28 JF - Journal of experimental child psychology JO - J Exp Child Psychol VL - 106 IS - 2-3 N2 - Individuals often feel more empathy toward members of their own social groups than toward members of other social groups. However, individual factors contributing to this empathy bias remain largely unexplored among children. This study examined intergroup empathic processing among 94 children (mean age=8.74years, SD=1.76) assigned to novel color groups. After 1week in their group, children were interviewed to assess their ingroup identification and trait levels of social anxiety. Subsequently, a social threat was simulated, and children's feelings of situational distress and empathy bias for others who experienced the same threat were assessed. Findings indicated that, among children who reported more social anxiety and situational distress, those with a stronger ingroup identity displayed more empathy bias favoring their ingroup. Given that empathy is an important contributor to prosocial behavior, implications for children's intergroup relations are discussed. SN - 1096-0457 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20202649/Children's_intergroup_empathic_processing:_the_roles_of_novel_ingroup_identification_situational_distress_and_social_anxiety_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0965(10)00003-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -