Positive anodic poised potential regulates microbial fuel cell performance with the function of open and closed circuitry.Bioresour Technol. 2010 Jul; 101(14):5337-44.BT
Positive influence of poised potential on microbial fuel cell (MFC) performance was observed with increase in the applied potential up to 600 mV and decreased thereafter. Higher power output (79.33 mW/m(2)) was observed at 600 mV poised potential under open circuit operation (OC). Closed circuit operation (CC) showed almost negligible power output due to continuous electron discharge against an external load (100 Omega). However, CC operation resulted in the higher substrate (chemical oxygen demand (COD)) degradation [61.23% (control); 70.46% (OC; 600 mV); 74.15% (CC; 600 mV)] and total dissolved solids (TDS) removal [29.17% (control); 43.75% (OC; 600 mV); 72.92% (CC; 600 mV)] efficiencies compared to OC. Electron discharge and energy conversion efficiency was also observed to be higher with 600 mV poised potential. Poising potential showed additional redox couples (-0.29+/-0.05 mV) on cyclic voltammetry. Application of poised potential during startup phase will help to enrich electrochemically active consortia on anode resulting in improved performance of MFC.