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Alcopops, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in a sample of German adolescents: is there an alcopop-specific effect?

Abstract

AIMS

The objective of the present analysis was to investigate the impact of alcopops on drinking behaviour and alcohol-related negative consequences by controlling for alcohol consumption and the share of alcopops in total ethanol intake.

METHODS

Data from the 2003 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) in Germany were used. The final dataset comprised students aged 15-17 years who reported to have drunk alcohol in the past 7 days (n=5509).

MEASUREMENTS

Alcohol consumption was assessed by beverage-specific quantity measures for the last 7 days. Individuals were categorised into "non-alcopop" and "alcopop consumers"; according to the share in total ethanol intake, alcopop users were further divided into "only-alcopop", "mix-alcopop" and "mix-consumers". Analogous groups were constructed for the other beverages. Outcome measures were age of first alcohol use and drunkenness, frequency of drinking, binge drinking and drunkenness and alcohol-related problems. Hypotheses were tested using proportional hazard models, linear and logistic regressions.

FINDINGS

Controlling for overall volume few differences in consumption and problem measures were found when alcopop and non-alcopop users were compared. Further differentiation of the alcopop group also revealed only few differences. Similar associations were found for the other beverages. Only-alcopop and only-wine drinking was associated with less risky consumption patterns and negative consequences.

CONCLUSIONS

An alcopop-specific effect on problematic drinking behaviour and negative consequences could not be identified. Concerted preventive actions tackling alcohol as a whole are needed in order to gain substantial effects on alcohol use and alcohol-related problems in adolescents.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    IFT Institut für Therapieforschung, Parzivalstrasse 25, D-80804 München, Germany. kraus@ift.de

    ,

    Source

    Drug and alcohol dependence 110:1-2 2010 Jul 01 pg 15-20

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adolescent Behavior
    Age of Onset
    Alcohol Drinking
    Alcoholic Beverages
    Alcoholism
    Beer
    Central Nervous System Depressants
    Crime
    Data Interpretation, Statistical
    Ethanol
    Female
    Germany
    Humans
    Male
    Wine

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20226599

    Citation

    Kraus, Ludwig, et al. "Alcopops, Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-related Problems in a Sample of German Adolescents: Is There an Alcopop-specific Effect?" Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 110, no. 1-2, 2010, pp. 15-20.
    Kraus L, Metzner C, Piontek D. Alcopops, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in a sample of German adolescents: is there an alcopop-specific effect? Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010;110(1-2):15-20.
    Kraus, L., Metzner, C., & Piontek, D. (2010). Alcopops, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in a sample of German adolescents: is there an alcopop-specific effect? Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 110(1-2), pp. 15-20. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.01.020.
    Kraus L, Metzner C, Piontek D. Alcopops, Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-related Problems in a Sample of German Adolescents: Is There an Alcopop-specific Effect. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Jul 1;110(1-2):15-20. PubMed PMID: 20226599.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Alcopops, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in a sample of German adolescents: is there an alcopop-specific effect? AU - Kraus,Ludwig, AU - Metzner,Cornelia, AU - Piontek,Daniela, Y1 - 2010/03/11/ PY - 2009/07/14/received PY - 2010/01/22/revised PY - 2010/01/23/accepted PY - 2010/3/16/entrez PY - 2010/3/17/pubmed PY - 2010/9/10/medline SP - 15 EP - 20 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 110 IS - 1-2 N2 - AIMS: The objective of the present analysis was to investigate the impact of alcopops on drinking behaviour and alcohol-related negative consequences by controlling for alcohol consumption and the share of alcopops in total ethanol intake. METHODS: Data from the 2003 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) in Germany were used. The final dataset comprised students aged 15-17 years who reported to have drunk alcohol in the past 7 days (n=5509). MEASUREMENTS: Alcohol consumption was assessed by beverage-specific quantity measures for the last 7 days. Individuals were categorised into "non-alcopop" and "alcopop consumers"; according to the share in total ethanol intake, alcopop users were further divided into "only-alcopop", "mix-alcopop" and "mix-consumers". Analogous groups were constructed for the other beverages. Outcome measures were age of first alcohol use and drunkenness, frequency of drinking, binge drinking and drunkenness and alcohol-related problems. Hypotheses were tested using proportional hazard models, linear and logistic regressions. FINDINGS: Controlling for overall volume few differences in consumption and problem measures were found when alcopop and non-alcopop users were compared. Further differentiation of the alcopop group also revealed only few differences. Similar associations were found for the other beverages. Only-alcopop and only-wine drinking was associated with less risky consumption patterns and negative consequences. CONCLUSIONS: An alcopop-specific effect on problematic drinking behaviour and negative consequences could not be identified. Concerted preventive actions tackling alcohol as a whole are needed in order to gain substantial effects on alcohol use and alcohol-related problems in adolescents. SN - 1879-0046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20226599/Alcopops_alcohol_consumption_and_alcohol_related_problems_in_a_sample_of_German_adolescents:_is_there_an_alcopop_specific_effect L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(10)00062-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -