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VItamin D supplementation in infants, children, and adolescents.
Am Fam Physician 2010; 81(6):745-8AF

Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency in children can have adverse health consequences, such as growth failure and rickets. In 2008,the American Academy of Pediatrics increased its recommended daily intake of vitamin D in infants, children, and adolescents to 400 IU. Infants who are breastfed and children and adolescents who consume less than 1 L of vitamin D-fortified milk per day will likely need supplementation to reach 400 IU of vitamin D per day. This recommendation is based on expert opinion and recent clinical trials measuring biomarkers of vitamin D status. It is also based on the precedent of preventing and treating rickets with 400 IU of vitamin D. In addition to dietary sources, exposure to ultraviolet B sunlight provides children and adults with additional vitamin D. Although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends keeping infants out of direct sunlight, decreased sunlight exposure may increase children's risk of vitamin D deficiency. No randomized controlled trials assessing patient-oriented outcomes have been performed on universal vitamin D supplementation. However, vitamin D may reduce the risk of certain infections and chronic diseases. Physicians should help parents choose the appropriate vitamin D supplement for their child.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Virginia Medical Center, 375 Four Leaf Lane, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA. cc5ds@virginia.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20229973

Citation

Casey, Catherine F., et al. "VItamin D Supplementation in Infants, Children, and Adolescents." American Family Physician, vol. 81, no. 6, 2010, pp. 745-8.
Casey CF, Slawson DC, Neal LR. VItamin D supplementation in infants, children, and adolescents. Am Fam Physician. 2010;81(6):745-8.
Casey, C. F., Slawson, D. C., & Neal, L. R. (2010). VItamin D supplementation in infants, children, and adolescents. American Family Physician, 81(6), pp. 745-8.
Casey CF, Slawson DC, Neal LR. VItamin D Supplementation in Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Mar 15;81(6):745-8. PubMed PMID: 20229973.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - VItamin D supplementation in infants, children, and adolescents. AU - Casey,Catherine F, AU - Slawson,David C, AU - Neal,Lindsey R, PY - 2010/3/17/entrez PY - 2010/3/17/pubmed PY - 2010/4/7/medline SP - 745 EP - 8 JF - American family physician JO - Am Fam Physician VL - 81 IS - 6 N2 - Vitamin D deficiency in children can have adverse health consequences, such as growth failure and rickets. In 2008,the American Academy of Pediatrics increased its recommended daily intake of vitamin D in infants, children, and adolescents to 400 IU. Infants who are breastfed and children and adolescents who consume less than 1 L of vitamin D-fortified milk per day will likely need supplementation to reach 400 IU of vitamin D per day. This recommendation is based on expert opinion and recent clinical trials measuring biomarkers of vitamin D status. It is also based on the precedent of preventing and treating rickets with 400 IU of vitamin D. In addition to dietary sources, exposure to ultraviolet B sunlight provides children and adults with additional vitamin D. Although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends keeping infants out of direct sunlight, decreased sunlight exposure may increase children's risk of vitamin D deficiency. No randomized controlled trials assessing patient-oriented outcomes have been performed on universal vitamin D supplementation. However, vitamin D may reduce the risk of certain infections and chronic diseases. Physicians should help parents choose the appropriate vitamin D supplement for their child. SN - 1532-0650 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20229973/VItamin_D_supplementation_in_infants_children_and_adolescents_ L2 - http://www.aafp.org/link_out?pmid=20229973 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -