Effects of continuous insulin infusion therapy on lipoprotein surface and core lipid composition in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.Metabolism. 1991 May; 40(5):445-9.M
To determine whether intensive insulin therapy has the same beneficial effects on lipoprotein composition that it has been shown to have in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) on the routinely measured plasma lipids, we studied 10 patients after 6 months of conventional therapy (CIT) and again after 6 months of therapy with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). While the mean of home blood glucose levels (8.1 +/- 0.5 v 7.9 +/- 0.5 mmol/L) decreased no further, plasma triglycerides (TG) (CIT, 102.7 +/- 25.0; CSII, 89.6 +/- 27.1 mg/dL; P less than .001) decreased after CSII, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) increased significantly, primarily as a consequence of an increase in HDL2 (CIT, 12.2 +/- 6.0; CSII, 18.1 +/- 6.3 mg/dL; P less than .02). Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was unchanged (CIT, 82.2 +/- 32; CSII, 84.0 +/- 27.8 mg/dL). After CIT, two indices of lipoprotein surface composition were altered: (1) the free cholesterol (FC) to lecithin ratio, which is a new cardiovascular risk factor, was abnormally increased in plasma, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) + LDL, and HDL, and (2) the sphingomyelin to lecithin ratio, an index of the surface rigidity of lipoproteins, was increased in the HDL subfractions. While CSII treatment resulted in favorable changes in whole plasma lipids, it failed to correct these disturbances in composition. Since the participation of lipoproteins in certain steps in reverse cholesterol transport appears to be impaired when their surface constituents are altered, persistence of these disturbances may sustain the increased cardiovascular risk of IDDM patients, even when their clinical control is very good and their plasma lipids are normal.