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The role of trauma symptoms in the development of behavioral problems in maltreated preschoolers.
Child Abuse Negl 2010; 34(4):225-34CA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study assessed the mediating role of trauma symptoms in the relation between child maltreatment and behavioral problems. It is based on the postulate that child maltreatment is a severe form of chronic relational trauma that has damaging consequences on the development of children's behavioral regulation.

METHOD

Participants were 34 maltreated and 64 non-maltreated children (mean age=60 months; range: 46 to 72 months), all from economically disadvantaged families. Maltreated children were recruited from the Child Protection Agencies. Behavioral problems and trauma symptoms were evaluated by the preschool teacher with the Internalizing and the Externalizing scales of the Child Behavior Checklist-Teacher Report Form (CBCL-TRF) and the posttraumatic stress score of the Trauma Symptoms Checklist for Young Children respectively (TSCYC).

RESULTS

Baron and Kenny's mediational procedure was conducted using structural equation modeling. Mediational analyses revealed that trauma symptoms fully mediated the association between maltreatment and both internalizing and externalizing behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS

Results were consistent with the literature on developmental trauma research and provide empirical support to the idea that trauma-related symptoms resulting from early maltreatment may constitute a mechanism in the development of psychosocial problems in preschoolers.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS

These findings underline the importance of understanding psychosocial maladjustment of maltreated children not only from the perspective of problematic behavior, but also by taking into account the traumatic reactions that might develop in response to chronic and intense stress associated with abuse and neglect.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Département d'études sur l'adaptation scolaire et sociale, Université de Sherbrooke, 2500 boul. de l'Université, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1K 2R1.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20303174

Citation

Milot, Tristan, et al. "The Role of Trauma Symptoms in the Development of Behavioral Problems in Maltreated Preschoolers." Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 34, no. 4, 2010, pp. 225-34.
Milot T, Ethier LS, St-Laurent D, et al. The role of trauma symptoms in the development of behavioral problems in maltreated preschoolers. Child Abuse Negl. 2010;34(4):225-34.
Milot, T., Ethier, L. S., St-Laurent, D., & Provost, M. A. (2010). The role of trauma symptoms in the development of behavioral problems in maltreated preschoolers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(4), pp. 225-34. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2009.07.006.
Milot T, et al. The Role of Trauma Symptoms in the Development of Behavioral Problems in Maltreated Preschoolers. Child Abuse Negl. 2010;34(4):225-34. PubMed PMID: 20303174.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of trauma symptoms in the development of behavioral problems in maltreated preschoolers. AU - Milot,Tristan, AU - Ethier,Louise S, AU - St-Laurent,Diane, AU - Provost,Marc A, Y1 - 2010/03/29/ PY - 2008/10/14/received PY - 2009/07/03/revised PY - 2009/07/15/accepted PY - 2010/3/23/entrez PY - 2010/3/23/pubmed PY - 2010/7/16/medline SP - 225 EP - 34 JF - Child abuse & neglect JO - Child Abuse Negl VL - 34 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the mediating role of trauma symptoms in the relation between child maltreatment and behavioral problems. It is based on the postulate that child maltreatment is a severe form of chronic relational trauma that has damaging consequences on the development of children's behavioral regulation. METHOD: Participants were 34 maltreated and 64 non-maltreated children (mean age=60 months; range: 46 to 72 months), all from economically disadvantaged families. Maltreated children were recruited from the Child Protection Agencies. Behavioral problems and trauma symptoms were evaluated by the preschool teacher with the Internalizing and the Externalizing scales of the Child Behavior Checklist-Teacher Report Form (CBCL-TRF) and the posttraumatic stress score of the Trauma Symptoms Checklist for Young Children respectively (TSCYC). RESULTS: Baron and Kenny's mediational procedure was conducted using structural equation modeling. Mediational analyses revealed that trauma symptoms fully mediated the association between maltreatment and both internalizing and externalizing behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Results were consistent with the literature on developmental trauma research and provide empirical support to the idea that trauma-related symptoms resulting from early maltreatment may constitute a mechanism in the development of psychosocial problems in preschoolers. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: These findings underline the importance of understanding psychosocial maladjustment of maltreated children not only from the perspective of problematic behavior, but also by taking into account the traumatic reactions that might develop in response to chronic and intense stress associated with abuse and neglect. SN - 1873-7757 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20303174/The_role_of_trauma_symptoms_in_the_development_of_behavioral_problems_in_maltreated_preschoolers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0145-2134(10)00046-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -