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Emotional, self-conceptual, and relational characteristics of bullies and the bullied.
Scand J Public Health. 2010 Jun; 38(4):359-67.SJ

Abstract

AIMS

To clarify distributions of emotional and somatic symptoms among different groups involved in bullying behaviour during early adolescence; to explore differences in social integration and self-perceptions; to explore how different cut-off limits for bullying behaviour may affect the impact of these measures; and to interpret our findings in the light of theories of identity that may suggest directions for interventions against bullying in schools.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study, based on self-completion questionnaire, of 1237 pupils aged 11-15 years in autumn 2000 in Alesund, Norway.

RESULTS

Bullies and their victims reported similar and greater emotional impairments and psychosomatic complaints, lack of self-confidence, and pessimism than students not involved in bullying. With increasing involvement, bullies differed from non-involved students only in regard to depressive complaints and pessimism. The bullied group reported more depressive, somatic and anxiety complaints, and self-reproach with increasing victimisation. Both bullies and the bullied reported problems relating to school, parents, and teachers. Bullies enjoyed friendships to the same degree or better than their peers not involved in bullying, whereas the bullied group reported impaired peer relations and increasing problems with more serious involvement. Bullies, the bullied, and bully-victims reported diminishing peer support in their class with increasing involvement.

CONCLUSIONS

Both the bullied and bullies share relational, emotional, and self-conceptual problems, but they also differ in whether they succeed in social arenas and to what extent they are affected by different emotional and self-conceptual problems. They are, however, fellow sufferers in many aspects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. eivind.meland@isf.uib.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20308344

Citation

Meland, Eivind, et al. "Emotional, Self-conceptual, and Relational Characteristics of Bullies and the Bullied." Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 38, no. 4, 2010, pp. 359-67.
Meland E, Rydning JH, Lobben S, et al. Emotional, self-conceptual, and relational characteristics of bullies and the bullied. Scand J Public Health. 2010;38(4):359-67.
Meland, E., Rydning, J. H., Lobben, S., Breidablik, H. J., & Ekeland, T. J. (2010). Emotional, self-conceptual, and relational characteristics of bullies and the bullied. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38(4), 359-67. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494810364563
Meland E, et al. Emotional, Self-conceptual, and Relational Characteristics of Bullies and the Bullied. Scand J Public Health. 2010;38(4):359-67. PubMed PMID: 20308344.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotional, self-conceptual, and relational characteristics of bullies and the bullied. AU - Meland,Eivind, AU - Rydning,Jan Henrik, AU - Lobben,Stian, AU - Breidablik,Hans-Johan, AU - Ekeland,Tor-Johan, Y1 - 2010/03/22/ PY - 2010/3/24/entrez PY - 2010/3/24/pubmed PY - 2010/6/16/medline SP - 359 EP - 67 JF - Scandinavian journal of public health JO - Scand J Public Health VL - 38 IS - 4 N2 - AIMS: To clarify distributions of emotional and somatic symptoms among different groups involved in bullying behaviour during early adolescence; to explore differences in social integration and self-perceptions; to explore how different cut-off limits for bullying behaviour may affect the impact of these measures; and to interpret our findings in the light of theories of identity that may suggest directions for interventions against bullying in schools. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, based on self-completion questionnaire, of 1237 pupils aged 11-15 years in autumn 2000 in Alesund, Norway. RESULTS: Bullies and their victims reported similar and greater emotional impairments and psychosomatic complaints, lack of self-confidence, and pessimism than students not involved in bullying. With increasing involvement, bullies differed from non-involved students only in regard to depressive complaints and pessimism. The bullied group reported more depressive, somatic and anxiety complaints, and self-reproach with increasing victimisation. Both bullies and the bullied reported problems relating to school, parents, and teachers. Bullies enjoyed friendships to the same degree or better than their peers not involved in bullying, whereas the bullied group reported impaired peer relations and increasing problems with more serious involvement. Bullies, the bullied, and bully-victims reported diminishing peer support in their class with increasing involvement. CONCLUSIONS: Both the bullied and bullies share relational, emotional, and self-conceptual problems, but they also differ in whether they succeed in social arenas and to what extent they are affected by different emotional and self-conceptual problems. They are, however, fellow sufferers in many aspects. SN - 1651-1905 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20308344/Emotional_self_conceptual_and_relational_characteristics_of_bullies_and_the_bullied_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1403494810364563?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -