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Evidence for the persistence of contextual fear memories following immediate extinction.
Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Apr; 31(7):1303-11.EJ

Abstract

Evidence suggests that extinction, the suppression of a learned response to a Pavlovian signal that is produced by exposure to the signal alone after conditioning, is a consequence of new inhibitory learning. However, it has been proposed that extinction given immediately after conditioning reflects memory 'erasure'. Using contextual fear conditioning, we examine the nature of extinction further using a novel behavioral paradigm that probes for the absence or presence of a memory. Rats received a context paired with one of three different shock intensities (0.8, 1.2 or 1.6 mA) and then received extinction either immediately (15 min) or after a delay (24 h). Spontaneous recovery was roughly equivalent in the immediate and delayed extinction groups when they were tested at 24 h after extinction. To further test the status of the original memory trace, we exploited the effect that only the first, but not second, learning of contextual fear requires N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDArs) in the dorsal hippocampus [M.J. Sanders & M.S. Fanselow (2003) Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 80,123-129]. Here we use this property of second learning to determine if memory of an immediately extinguished fear also persists. Rats received bilateral infusions of the NMDAr antagonist DL-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid into the dorsal hippocampus prior to training in a novel second context. Memory for the second learning is not affected by NMDAr blockade in either group, suggesting that the extinguished memory is not erased but inhibited. Overall, the results provide little evidence that extinction conducted immediately after conditioning destroys or erases the original memory trace.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, McGill University, 1205 Dr Penfield Avenue, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 1B1. georgina.archbold@mail.mcgill.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20345921

Citation

Archbold, Georgina E B., et al. "Evidence for the Persistence of Contextual Fear Memories Following Immediate Extinction." The European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 31, no. 7, 2010, pp. 1303-11.
Archbold GE, Bouton ME, Nader K. Evidence for the persistence of contextual fear memories following immediate extinction. Eur J Neurosci. 2010;31(7):1303-11.
Archbold, G. E., Bouton, M. E., & Nader, K. (2010). Evidence for the persistence of contextual fear memories following immediate extinction. The European Journal of Neuroscience, 31(7), 1303-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2010.07161.x
Archbold GE, Bouton ME, Nader K. Evidence for the Persistence of Contextual Fear Memories Following Immediate Extinction. Eur J Neurosci. 2010;31(7):1303-11. PubMed PMID: 20345921.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evidence for the persistence of contextual fear memories following immediate extinction. AU - Archbold,Georgina E B, AU - Bouton,Mark E, AU - Nader,Karim, Y1 - 2010/03/22/ PY - 2010/3/30/entrez PY - 2010/3/30/pubmed PY - 2010/7/2/medline SP - 1303 EP - 11 JF - The European journal of neuroscience JO - Eur J Neurosci VL - 31 IS - 7 N2 - Evidence suggests that extinction, the suppression of a learned response to a Pavlovian signal that is produced by exposure to the signal alone after conditioning, is a consequence of new inhibitory learning. However, it has been proposed that extinction given immediately after conditioning reflects memory 'erasure'. Using contextual fear conditioning, we examine the nature of extinction further using a novel behavioral paradigm that probes for the absence or presence of a memory. Rats received a context paired with one of three different shock intensities (0.8, 1.2 or 1.6 mA) and then received extinction either immediately (15 min) or after a delay (24 h). Spontaneous recovery was roughly equivalent in the immediate and delayed extinction groups when they were tested at 24 h after extinction. To further test the status of the original memory trace, we exploited the effect that only the first, but not second, learning of contextual fear requires N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDArs) in the dorsal hippocampus [M.J. Sanders & M.S. Fanselow (2003) Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 80,123-129]. Here we use this property of second learning to determine if memory of an immediately extinguished fear also persists. Rats received bilateral infusions of the NMDAr antagonist DL-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid into the dorsal hippocampus prior to training in a novel second context. Memory for the second learning is not affected by NMDAr blockade in either group, suggesting that the extinguished memory is not erased but inhibited. Overall, the results provide little evidence that extinction conducted immediately after conditioning destroys or erases the original memory trace. SN - 1460-9568 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20345921/Evidence_for_the_persistence_of_contextual_fear_memories_following_immediate_extinction_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -