Effects of vitamins C and E, acetylsalicylic acid and heparin on fusion, beta-hCG and PP13 expression in BeWo cells.Placenta. 2010 May; 31(5):431-8.P
Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes for maternal and fetal morbidity. Placental protein 13 (PP13) is a placenta specific protein and with its decreased maternal serum levels in the first trimester it is one of the most promising markers to predict the syndrome in early pregnancy. In clinical trials attempts to prevent preeclampsia have already been made using low-dose aspirin, low-molecular-weight heparin, and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. Here we investigated the effect of these agents on PP13 and beta-hCG levels using choriocarcinoma cell lines as surrogates for primary villous trophoblast. Five different cell lines were triggered with forskolin and cultured for 48 h. Amongst the five tested cell lines BeWo cells showed the strongest increase in PP13 mRNA after forskolin treatment compared to controls. Hence these cells were used to investigate the effect of varying concentrations of vitamin C, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), Trolox) and heparin on cell fusion and PP13 and beta-hCG levels. The response to vitamin C was a dose-dependent increase in protein expression, while the other drugs showed only modest effects. Since first trimester PP13 has been shown to be significantly decreased in women subsequently developing preeclampsia, this data might point to a beneficial effect of very early vitamin C treatment of such women already in the early first trimester of pregnancy.