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How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning.

Abstract

Overall cognitive status can vary across an individual's life span in response to factors that promote either positive or negative neuroplasticity. Positive neuroplasticity refers to he physiological ability of the brain to form and strengthen dendritic connections, produce beneficial morphological changes, and increase cognitive reserve. Negative neuroplasticity refers to the same physiological ability of t he brain to atrophy and weaken dendritic connections, produce detrimental morphological changes, and decrease cognitive reserve. Factors that promote positive neuroplasticity include physical activity, education, social interaction, intellectual pursuits, and cognitive remediation. Factors that promote negative neuroplasticity include poor health, poor sleep hygiene, poor nutrition, substance abuse, and depression and anxiety. Implications for promoting positive neuroplasticity and avoiding negative neuroplasticity across the life span are emphasized to facilitate optimal cognitive health and ensure successful cognitive aging.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, Department of Psychology and Center for Research in Applied Gerontology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-1210, USA. devance@uab.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20349891

Citation

Vance, David E., et al. "How Neuroplasticity and Cognitive Reserve Protect Cognitive Functioning." Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, vol. 48, no. 4, 2010, pp. 23-30.
Vance DE, Roberson AJ, McGuinness TM, et al. How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2010;48(4):23-30.
Vance, D. E., Roberson, A. J., McGuinness, T. M., & Fazeli, P. L. (2010). How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 48(4), pp. 23-30. doi:10.3928/02793695-20100302-01.
Vance DE, et al. How Neuroplasticity and Cognitive Reserve Protect Cognitive Functioning. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2010;48(4):23-30. PubMed PMID: 20349891.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning. AU - Vance,David E, AU - Roberson,Anthony J, AU - McGuinness,Teena M, AU - Fazeli,Pariya L, PY - 2009/07/08/received PY - 2009/12/09/accepted PY - 2010/3/31/entrez PY - 2010/3/31/pubmed PY - 2011/5/18/medline SP - 23 EP - 30 JF - Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services JO - J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv VL - 48 IS - 4 N2 - Overall cognitive status can vary across an individual's life span in response to factors that promote either positive or negative neuroplasticity. Positive neuroplasticity refers to he physiological ability of the brain to form and strengthen dendritic connections, produce beneficial morphological changes, and increase cognitive reserve. Negative neuroplasticity refers to the same physiological ability of t he brain to atrophy and weaken dendritic connections, produce detrimental morphological changes, and decrease cognitive reserve. Factors that promote positive neuroplasticity include physical activity, education, social interaction, intellectual pursuits, and cognitive remediation. Factors that promote negative neuroplasticity include poor health, poor sleep hygiene, poor nutrition, substance abuse, and depression and anxiety. Implications for promoting positive neuroplasticity and avoiding negative neuroplasticity across the life span are emphasized to facilitate optimal cognitive health and ensure successful cognitive aging. SN - 0279-3695 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20349891/How_neuroplasticity_and_cognitive_reserve_protect_cognitive_functioning_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/dementia.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -