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Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria.
J Sci Food Agric. 2010 Jan 15; 90(1):145-60.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aims of this study were to examine the chemical composition of the essential oils and hexane extracts of the aerial parts of Satureja spicigera (C. Koch) Boiss., Thymus fallax Fisch. & CA Mey, Achillea biebersteinii Afan, and Achillea millefolium L. by GC and GC-MS, and to test antibacterial efficacy of essential oils and n-hexane, chloroform, acetone and methanol extracts as an antibacterial and seed disinfectant against 25 agricultural plant pathogens.

RESULTS

Thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene, thymol methyl ether and gamma-terpinene were the main constituents of S. spicigera and T. fallax oils and hexane extracts. The main components of the oil of Achillea millefolium were 1,8-cineole, delta-cadinol and caryophyllene oxide, whereas the hexane extract of this species contained mainly n-hexacosane, n-tricosane and n-heneicosane. The oils and hexane extracts of S. spicigera and T. fallax exhibited potent antibacterial activity over a broad spectrum against 25 phytopathogenic bacterial strains. Carvacrol and thymol, the major constituents of S. spicigera and T. fallax oils, also showed potent antibacterial effect against the bacteria tested. The oils of Achillea species showed weak antibacterial activity. Our results also revealed that the essential oil of S. spicigera, thymol and carvacrol could be used as potential disinfection agents against seed-borne bacteria.

CONCLUSION

Our results demonstrate that S. spicigera, T. fallax oils, carvacrol and thymol could become potentials for controlling certain important agricultural plant pathogenic bacteria and seed disinfectant.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Atatürk University, Department of Plant Protection, 25240-Erzurum, Turkey.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20355025

Citation

Kotan, Recep, et al. "Antibacterial Activities of Essential Oils and Extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus Species Against Plant Pathogenic Bacteria." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 90, no. 1, 2010, pp. 145-60.
Kotan R, Cakir A, Dadasoglu F, et al. Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90(1):145-60.
Kotan, R., Cakir, A., Dadasoglu, F., Aydin, T., Cakmakci, R., Ozer, H., Kordali, S., Mete, E., & Dikbas, N. (2010). Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90(1), 145-60. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3799
Kotan R, et al. Antibacterial Activities of Essential Oils and Extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus Species Against Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. J Sci Food Agric. 2010 Jan 15;90(1):145-60. PubMed PMID: 20355025.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria. AU - Kotan,Recep, AU - Cakir,Ahmet, AU - Dadasoglu,Fatih, AU - Aydin,Tuba, AU - Cakmakci,Ramazan, AU - Ozer,Hakan, AU - Kordali,Saban, AU - Mete,Ebru, AU - Dikbas,Neslihan, PY - 2010/4/1/entrez PY - 2010/4/1/pubmed PY - 2010/10/12/medline SP - 145 EP - 60 JF - Journal of the science of food and agriculture JO - J Sci Food Agric VL - 90 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to examine the chemical composition of the essential oils and hexane extracts of the aerial parts of Satureja spicigera (C. Koch) Boiss., Thymus fallax Fisch. & CA Mey, Achillea biebersteinii Afan, and Achillea millefolium L. by GC and GC-MS, and to test antibacterial efficacy of essential oils and n-hexane, chloroform, acetone and methanol extracts as an antibacterial and seed disinfectant against 25 agricultural plant pathogens. RESULTS: Thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene, thymol methyl ether and gamma-terpinene were the main constituents of S. spicigera and T. fallax oils and hexane extracts. The main components of the oil of Achillea millefolium were 1,8-cineole, delta-cadinol and caryophyllene oxide, whereas the hexane extract of this species contained mainly n-hexacosane, n-tricosane and n-heneicosane. The oils and hexane extracts of S. spicigera and T. fallax exhibited potent antibacterial activity over a broad spectrum against 25 phytopathogenic bacterial strains. Carvacrol and thymol, the major constituents of S. spicigera and T. fallax oils, also showed potent antibacterial effect against the bacteria tested. The oils of Achillea species showed weak antibacterial activity. Our results also revealed that the essential oil of S. spicigera, thymol and carvacrol could be used as potential disinfection agents against seed-borne bacteria. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that S. spicigera, T. fallax oils, carvacrol and thymol could become potentials for controlling certain important agricultural plant pathogenic bacteria and seed disinfectant. SN - 1097-0010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20355025/Antibacterial_activities_of_essential_oils_and_extracts_of_Turkish_Achillea_Satureja_and_Thymus_species_against_plant_pathogenic_bacteria_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3799 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -