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Socio-economic status and oral health-related behaviours in Korean adolescents.
Soc Sci Med. 2010 Jun; 70(11):1780-8.SS

Abstract

The principle objective of this study was to assess the association between socio-economic status (SES) and oral health-related behaviours in Korean adolescents aged 13-18, using the Family Affluence Scale (FAS). The secondary objective was to assess the influences of other factors (pocket money, school type, family structure and psychological factors) on this association. Cross-sectional data were from the national 2007 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Oral health-related behaviours included health-enhancing behaviours (frequency of toothbrushing and dental visits) and health-compromising behaviours (smoking and frequency of intake of soft drinks and confections). Logistic regression models were used to analyse the data. To assess the influence of other factors, additional models adjusting for sex, school grade and each of the other factors were compared to the initial model, which adjusted for sex and school grade only. We found that family affluence had a linear association with health-enhancing behaviours and a roughly U-shaped association with health-compromising behaviours. After adjusting for a number of variables, the linear association with health-enhancing behaviours persisted. The U-shaped association with health-compromising behaviours remained but was partly attenuated and flattened. In addition, we found a marked influence of school type and family structure and pocket money on the association between FAS and oral health-compromising behaviours. The findings indicate that the health-enhancing behaviours of adolescents were strongly associated with family affluence, but the health-compromising behaviours were more strongly linked to factors other than family affluence. However, it is difficult to determine which factors contribute most in relation to family affluence because of other confounding factors, such as the education system, peer group, youth culture, part-time work and advertising. Therefore, further studies are needed to assess factors that interact with family SES to better understand the association between the SES and the oral health-compromising behaviours of adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, 120 Gangneung Daehangno, Gangneung-si, Republic of Korea. feeljsh@gwnu.ac.krNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20359807

Citation

Jung, Se-Hwan, et al. "Socio-economic Status and Oral Health-related Behaviours in Korean Adolescents." Social Science & Medicine (1982), vol. 70, no. 11, 2010, pp. 1780-8.
Jung SH, Tsakos G, Sheiham A, et al. Socio-economic status and oral health-related behaviours in Korean adolescents. Soc Sci Med. 2010;70(11):1780-8.
Jung, S. H., Tsakos, G., Sheiham, A., Ryu, J. I., & Watt, R. G. (2010). Socio-economic status and oral health-related behaviours in Korean adolescents. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 70(11), 1780-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.022
Jung SH, et al. Socio-economic Status and Oral Health-related Behaviours in Korean Adolescents. Soc Sci Med. 2010;70(11):1780-8. PubMed PMID: 20359807.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Socio-economic status and oral health-related behaviours in Korean adolescents. AU - Jung,Se-Hwan, AU - Tsakos,Georgios, AU - Sheiham,Aubrey, AU - Ryu,Jae-In, AU - Watt,Richard G, Y1 - 2010/03/12/ PY - 2009/07/16/received PY - 2009/11/13/revised PY - 2010/02/14/accepted PY - 2010/4/3/entrez PY - 2010/4/3/pubmed PY - 2010/6/18/medline SP - 1780 EP - 8 JF - Social science & medicine (1982) JO - Soc Sci Med VL - 70 IS - 11 N2 - The principle objective of this study was to assess the association between socio-economic status (SES) and oral health-related behaviours in Korean adolescents aged 13-18, using the Family Affluence Scale (FAS). The secondary objective was to assess the influences of other factors (pocket money, school type, family structure and psychological factors) on this association. Cross-sectional data were from the national 2007 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Oral health-related behaviours included health-enhancing behaviours (frequency of toothbrushing and dental visits) and health-compromising behaviours (smoking and frequency of intake of soft drinks and confections). Logistic regression models were used to analyse the data. To assess the influence of other factors, additional models adjusting for sex, school grade and each of the other factors were compared to the initial model, which adjusted for sex and school grade only. We found that family affluence had a linear association with health-enhancing behaviours and a roughly U-shaped association with health-compromising behaviours. After adjusting for a number of variables, the linear association with health-enhancing behaviours persisted. The U-shaped association with health-compromising behaviours remained but was partly attenuated and flattened. In addition, we found a marked influence of school type and family structure and pocket money on the association between FAS and oral health-compromising behaviours. The findings indicate that the health-enhancing behaviours of adolescents were strongly associated with family affluence, but the health-compromising behaviours were more strongly linked to factors other than family affluence. However, it is difficult to determine which factors contribute most in relation to family affluence because of other confounding factors, such as the education system, peer group, youth culture, part-time work and advertising. Therefore, further studies are needed to assess factors that interact with family SES to better understand the association between the SES and the oral health-compromising behaviours of adolescents. SN - 1873-5347 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20359807/Socio_economic_status_and_oral_health_related_behaviours_in_Korean_adolescents_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277-9536(10)00183-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -