[Estimation of the level of nourishing ingredients intake in a group of young women doing fitness as recreation].Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2009; 60(4):375-9RP
The research was conducted into 120 women aged 19-25 years old who take up regular physical activity in fitness clubs. The quantity analyse of daily food rations was conducted on the base of food interview about consumption within 72 hours preceding the research. Energetic value and basic nourishing ingredient supply was estimated, supply of selected vitamins dissolved in fats (A, E) and in water (C, B1, B2, PP) and also the average content of mineral ingredients (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe). The established average supply of nourishing ingredients was compared to the dietary standards regarding women aged 19-25 years old of moderate physical activity. The results of the conducted research indicate lack of balanced content of nourishing ingredients in daily food rations of the tested women. Energy supply was far too low comparing to recommended standards. It was proved that carbohydrate and fat supply was definitely lower than recommended standards (suitably: 209.7 g/daily and 28.1 g/daily), protein content exceeded the level of safe consumption by 11.3%. The research also showed low consumption of cholesterol (105.7 mg/ daily) and dietary fibre (18.8 mg/daily). Furthermore, shortage of vitamins A, E, B2 and mineral ingredients (K, Ca, Fe) was also proved. Higher than recommended supply of vitamin C, PP, sodium and magnesium was found. Less than half of the tested women followed supplementary diet of mineral and vitamin preparations.