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Combined resistance and endurance training improves physical capacity and performance on tactical occupational tasks.
Eur J Appl Physiol 2010; 109(6):1197-208EJ

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic endurance (E), strength (R), and combined endurance and strength (CB) training for improving performance of tactical occupational tasks and determine if combined training interferes with performance enhancements of E or R alone. A total of 56 recreationally active women were randomly placed into four groups: R (n = 18), E (n = 13), CB (n = 15), Control (n = 10). Subjects trained three non-consecutive days per week for 8 weeks. Performance was measured pre-, mid-, and post-training for bench press one-repetition maximum (1-RM), squat 1-RM, bench press throw and squat jump peak power, VO2peak, 3.2 km load carriage (LC), 3.2 km run (run), and repetitive lift and carry (RLC). R and E demonstrated improvements which were generally specific to their training. R improved squat (48.3%) and bench press 1-RM (23.8%), bench press throw (41.9%), RLC (31.3%), and LC (11.5%). E improved run (14.7%), VO2peak (6.2%), squat 1-RM (15.3%), LC (12.9%), and RLC (22.5%). CB improved squat (37.6%) and bench press 1-RM (20.9%), bench press throw (39.6%), VO2peak (7.6%), run (10.4%), LC (13.1%), and RLC (45.5%). Post-training 1-RM squat was greater in R and CB than E, while E completed the 3.2 km load carriage task faster than C. In conclusion, 8 weeks of combined training improved performance in all tactical occupational tasks measured and did not interfere with improvements in strength, power and endurance measures compared to R or E alone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Military Performance Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Building 42, Kansas Street, Natick, MA 01760, USA. nathan.hendrickson@us.army.milNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20383644

Citation

Hendrickson, Nathan R., et al. "Combined Resistance and Endurance Training Improves Physical Capacity and Performance On Tactical Occupational Tasks." European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 109, no. 6, 2010, pp. 1197-208.
Hendrickson NR, Sharp MA, Alemany JA, et al. Combined resistance and endurance training improves physical capacity and performance on tactical occupational tasks. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;109(6):1197-208.
Hendrickson, N. R., Sharp, M. A., Alemany, J. A., Walker, L. A., Harman, E. A., Spiering, B. A., ... Nindl, B. C. (2010). Combined resistance and endurance training improves physical capacity and performance on tactical occupational tasks. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(6), pp. 1197-208. doi:10.1007/s00421-010-1462-2.
Hendrickson NR, et al. Combined Resistance and Endurance Training Improves Physical Capacity and Performance On Tactical Occupational Tasks. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;109(6):1197-208. PubMed PMID: 20383644.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Combined resistance and endurance training improves physical capacity and performance on tactical occupational tasks. AU - Hendrickson,Nathan R, AU - Sharp,Marilyn A, AU - Alemany,Joseph A, AU - Walker,Leila A, AU - Harman,Everett A, AU - Spiering,Barry A, AU - Hatfield,Disa L, AU - Yamamoto,Linda M, AU - Maresh,Carl M, AU - Kraemer,William J, AU - Nindl,Bradley C, Y1 - 2010/04/10/ PY - 2010/03/25/accepted PY - 2010/4/13/entrez PY - 2010/4/13/pubmed PY - 2010/12/14/medline SP - 1197 EP - 208 JF - European journal of applied physiology JO - Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. VL - 109 IS - 6 N2 - The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic endurance (E), strength (R), and combined endurance and strength (CB) training for improving performance of tactical occupational tasks and determine if combined training interferes with performance enhancements of E or R alone. A total of 56 recreationally active women were randomly placed into four groups: R (n = 18), E (n = 13), CB (n = 15), Control (n = 10). Subjects trained three non-consecutive days per week for 8 weeks. Performance was measured pre-, mid-, and post-training for bench press one-repetition maximum (1-RM), squat 1-RM, bench press throw and squat jump peak power, VO2peak, 3.2 km load carriage (LC), 3.2 km run (run), and repetitive lift and carry (RLC). R and E demonstrated improvements which were generally specific to their training. R improved squat (48.3%) and bench press 1-RM (23.8%), bench press throw (41.9%), RLC (31.3%), and LC (11.5%). E improved run (14.7%), VO2peak (6.2%), squat 1-RM (15.3%), LC (12.9%), and RLC (22.5%). CB improved squat (37.6%) and bench press 1-RM (20.9%), bench press throw (39.6%), VO2peak (7.6%), run (10.4%), LC (13.1%), and RLC (45.5%). Post-training 1-RM squat was greater in R and CB than E, while E completed the 3.2 km load carriage task faster than C. In conclusion, 8 weeks of combined training improved performance in all tactical occupational tasks measured and did not interfere with improvements in strength, power and endurance measures compared to R or E alone. SN - 1439-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20383644/Combined_resistance_and_endurance_training_improves_physical_capacity_and_performance_on_tactical_occupational_tasks_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1462-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -