Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Self-conscious emotions, general emotional distress, and expressed emotion in family members of patients with schizophrenia.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010 Apr; 198(4):305-8.JN

Abstract

This study examined the association of self-conscious emotions (shame and guilt) with general emotional distress (GED) and expressed emotion (EE) in family members of patients with schizophrenia. Fifty-seven relatives were given the test of self-conscious affect Tangney et al., 1989, The Test of Self-Conscious Affect. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University) to evaluate their proneness to shame and guilt and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale Lovibond and Lovibond, 1995. Behav Res Ther. 33:335-343) to assess GED. Participants were also interviewed using the Camberwell Family Interview to measure EE. Consistent with Tangney's theory of self-conscious emotions and with study hypotheses, simultaneous regression analyses indicated that increasing shame proneness was strongly and positively associated with caregivers' reported GED whereas increasing guilt proneness was negatively associated with GED. Expressed emotion was not found to relate to self-conscious emotions nor to GED when rated as a dichotomous variable (high vs. low). However, greater shame proneness was associated with lower ratings of emotional overinvolvement, one component of EE. Study implications are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA. aweisman@miami.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20386261

Citation

de Mamani, Amy G Weisman. "Self-conscious Emotions, General Emotional Distress, and Expressed Emotion in Family Members of Patients With Schizophrenia." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 198, no. 4, 2010, pp. 305-8.
de Mamani AG. Self-conscious emotions, general emotional distress, and expressed emotion in family members of patients with schizophrenia. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010;198(4):305-8.
de Mamani, A. G. (2010). Self-conscious emotions, general emotional distress, and expressed emotion in family members of patients with schizophrenia. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 198(4), 305-8. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181d612d4
de Mamani AG. Self-conscious Emotions, General Emotional Distress, and Expressed Emotion in Family Members of Patients With Schizophrenia. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010;198(4):305-8. PubMed PMID: 20386261.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-conscious emotions, general emotional distress, and expressed emotion in family members of patients with schizophrenia. A1 - de Mamani,Amy G Weisman, PY - 2010/4/14/entrez PY - 2010/4/14/pubmed PY - 2010/4/23/medline SP - 305 EP - 8 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J Nerv Ment Dis VL - 198 IS - 4 N2 - This study examined the association of self-conscious emotions (shame and guilt) with general emotional distress (GED) and expressed emotion (EE) in family members of patients with schizophrenia. Fifty-seven relatives were given the test of self-conscious affect Tangney et al., 1989, The Test of Self-Conscious Affect. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University) to evaluate their proneness to shame and guilt and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale Lovibond and Lovibond, 1995. Behav Res Ther. 33:335-343) to assess GED. Participants were also interviewed using the Camberwell Family Interview to measure EE. Consistent with Tangney's theory of self-conscious emotions and with study hypotheses, simultaneous regression analyses indicated that increasing shame proneness was strongly and positively associated with caregivers' reported GED whereas increasing guilt proneness was negatively associated with GED. Expressed emotion was not found to relate to self-conscious emotions nor to GED when rated as a dichotomous variable (high vs. low). However, greater shame proneness was associated with lower ratings of emotional overinvolvement, one component of EE. Study implications are discussed. SN - 1539-736X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20386261/Self_conscious_emotions_general_emotional_distress_and_expressed_emotion_in_family_members_of_patients_with_schizophrenia_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181d612d4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -