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Implementation of medical examination and forensic analyses in the investigation of sexual assaults against adult women: a retrospective study of police files and medical journals.
Forensic Sci Int. 2010 Jun 15; 199(1-3):79-84.FS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the implementation of medical examination and forensic analysis in the police investigation of sexual assaults, and compare police-reported cases with and without medico-legal examination of the victim.

METHODS

A retrospective study of all police-reported sexual assaults against women in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, January 1997-June 2003. Information from the police files was merged with information from the only specialized health care system in the region, the Sexual Assault Care Centre (SACC), St. Olav's Hospital, Trondheim.

RESULTS

Of the 185 police-reported cases identified, 101 (55%) involved women examined at the SACC. A medical report was requested in 83% of the latter, while forensic analyses of biological samples from the victim's body were performed in a mere 29%. In cases without examination at the SACC, there was more likely assault outside the city, over one week's delay between the assault and police-reporting, over one assault reported, and assault coded as attempted rape, while vaginal penetration was less likely. Adjusting for delay of reporting, geographical closeness to health care remained predictive of medical examination. Only 16% of the cases were prosecuted.

CONCLUSION

The police requested a medical report in most cases where the victim had undergone examination, while a minority of collected biological samples was analyzed. Consequently, a vigilant and thorough documentation of mental state, physical injuries and history of assault should be emphasized.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Medisinsk teknisk forskningssenter, N-7489 Trondheim, Norway. lise.e.stene@ntnu.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20388586

Citation

Stene, Lise Eilin, et al. "Implementation of Medical Examination and Forensic Analyses in the Investigation of Sexual Assaults Against Adult Women: a Retrospective Study of Police Files and Medical Journals." Forensic Science International, vol. 199, no. 1-3, 2010, pp. 79-84.
Stene LE, Ormstad K, Schei B. Implementation of medical examination and forensic analyses in the investigation of sexual assaults against adult women: a retrospective study of police files and medical journals. Forensic Sci Int. 2010;199(1-3):79-84.
Stene, L. E., Ormstad, K., & Schei, B. (2010). Implementation of medical examination and forensic analyses in the investigation of sexual assaults against adult women: a retrospective study of police files and medical journals. Forensic Science International, 199(1-3), 79-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.03.016
Stene LE, Ormstad K, Schei B. Implementation of Medical Examination and Forensic Analyses in the Investigation of Sexual Assaults Against Adult Women: a Retrospective Study of Police Files and Medical Journals. Forensic Sci Int. 2010 Jun 15;199(1-3):79-84. PubMed PMID: 20388586.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Implementation of medical examination and forensic analyses in the investigation of sexual assaults against adult women: a retrospective study of police files and medical journals. AU - Stene,Lise Eilin, AU - Ormstad,Kari, AU - Schei,Berit, Y1 - 2010/04/11/ PY - 2009/09/02/received PY - 2010/01/24/revised PY - 2010/03/16/accepted PY - 2010/4/15/entrez PY - 2010/4/15/pubmed PY - 2010/9/15/medline SP - 79 EP - 84 JF - Forensic science international JO - Forensic Sci. Int. VL - 199 IS - 1-3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of medical examination and forensic analysis in the police investigation of sexual assaults, and compare police-reported cases with and without medico-legal examination of the victim. METHODS: A retrospective study of all police-reported sexual assaults against women in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, January 1997-June 2003. Information from the police files was merged with information from the only specialized health care system in the region, the Sexual Assault Care Centre (SACC), St. Olav's Hospital, Trondheim. RESULTS: Of the 185 police-reported cases identified, 101 (55%) involved women examined at the SACC. A medical report was requested in 83% of the latter, while forensic analyses of biological samples from the victim's body were performed in a mere 29%. In cases without examination at the SACC, there was more likely assault outside the city, over one week's delay between the assault and police-reporting, over one assault reported, and assault coded as attempted rape, while vaginal penetration was less likely. Adjusting for delay of reporting, geographical closeness to health care remained predictive of medical examination. Only 16% of the cases were prosecuted. CONCLUSION: The police requested a medical report in most cases where the victim had undergone examination, while a minority of collected biological samples was analyzed. Consequently, a vigilant and thorough documentation of mental state, physical injuries and history of assault should be emphasized. SN - 1872-6283 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20388586/Implementation_of_medical_examination_and_forensic_analyses_in_the_investigation_of_sexual_assaults_against_adult_women:_a_retrospective_study_of_police_files_and_medical_journals_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0379-0738(10)00127-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -