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Physiotherapy for sleep disturbance in chronic low back pain: a feasibility randomised controlled trial.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010 Apr 16; 11:70.BM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Sleep disturbance is becoming increasingly recognised as a clinically important symptom in people with chronic low back pain (CLBP, low back pain >12 weeks), associated with physical inactivity and depression. Current research and international clinical guidelines recommend people with CLBP assume a physically active role in their recovery to prevent chronicity, but the high prevalence of sleep disturbance in this population may be unknowingly limiting their ability to participate in exercise-based rehabilitation programmes and contributing to poor outcomes. There is currently no knowledge concerning the effectiveness of physiotherapy on sleep disturbance in people with chronic low back pain and no evidence of the feasibility of conducting randomized controlled trials that comprehensively evaluate sleep as an outcome measure in this population.

METHODS/DESIGN

This study will evaluate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT), exploring the effects of three forms of physiotherapy (supervised general exercise programme, individualized walking programme and usual physiotherapy, which will serve as the control group) on sleep quality in people with chronic low back pain. A presenting sample of 60 consenting patients will be recruited in the physiotherapy department of Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, and randomly allocated to one of the three groups in a concealed manner. The main outcomes will be sleep quality (self-report and objective measurement), and self-reported functional disability, pain, quality of life, fear avoidance, anxiety and depression, physical activity, and patient satisfaction. Outcome will be evaluated at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. Qualitative telephone interviews will be embedded in the research design to obtain feedback from a sample of participants' about their experiences of sleep monitoring, trial participation and interventions, and to inform the design of a fully powered future RCT. Planned analysis will explore trends in the data, effect sizes and clinically important effects (quantitative data), and thematic analysis (qualitative data).

DISCUSSION

This study will evaluate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial exploring the effects of three forms of physiotherapy (supervised general exercise programme, individualized walking programme and usual physiotherapy, which will serve as the control group) on sleep quality in people with chronic low back pain.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

Current controlled trial ISRCTN54009836.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UCD School of Public Health, Physiotherapy & Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland. deirdre.hurleyosing@ucd.ieNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20398349

Citation

Hurley, Deirdre A., et al. "Physiotherapy for Sleep Disturbance in Chronic Low Back Pain: a Feasibility Randomised Controlled Trial." BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 11, 2010, p. 70.
Hurley DA, Eadie J, O'Donoghue G, et al. Physiotherapy for sleep disturbance in chronic low back pain: a feasibility randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010;11:70.
Hurley, D. A., Eadie, J., O'Donoghue, G., Kelly, C., Lonsdale, C., Guerin, S., Tully, M. A., van Mechelen, W., McDonough, S. M., Boreham, C. A., Heneghan, C., & Daly, L. (2010). Physiotherapy for sleep disturbance in chronic low back pain: a feasibility randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 11, 70. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-11-70
Hurley DA, et al. Physiotherapy for Sleep Disturbance in Chronic Low Back Pain: a Feasibility Randomised Controlled Trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010 Apr 16;11:70. PubMed PMID: 20398349.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physiotherapy for sleep disturbance in chronic low back pain: a feasibility randomised controlled trial. AU - Hurley,Deirdre A, AU - Eadie,Jennifer, AU - O'Donoghue,Grainne, AU - Kelly,Clare, AU - Lonsdale,Chris, AU - Guerin,Suzanne, AU - Tully,Mark A, AU - van Mechelen,Willem, AU - McDonough,Suzanne M, AU - Boreham,Colin A G, AU - Heneghan,Conor, AU - Daly,Leslie, Y1 - 2010/04/16/ PY - 2010/02/19/received PY - 2010/04/16/accepted PY - 2010/4/20/entrez PY - 2010/4/20/pubmed PY - 2010/7/20/medline SP - 70 EP - 70 JF - BMC musculoskeletal disorders JO - BMC Musculoskelet Disord VL - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is becoming increasingly recognised as a clinically important symptom in people with chronic low back pain (CLBP, low back pain >12 weeks), associated with physical inactivity and depression. Current research and international clinical guidelines recommend people with CLBP assume a physically active role in their recovery to prevent chronicity, but the high prevalence of sleep disturbance in this population may be unknowingly limiting their ability to participate in exercise-based rehabilitation programmes and contributing to poor outcomes. There is currently no knowledge concerning the effectiveness of physiotherapy on sleep disturbance in people with chronic low back pain and no evidence of the feasibility of conducting randomized controlled trials that comprehensively evaluate sleep as an outcome measure in this population. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will evaluate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT), exploring the effects of three forms of physiotherapy (supervised general exercise programme, individualized walking programme and usual physiotherapy, which will serve as the control group) on sleep quality in people with chronic low back pain. A presenting sample of 60 consenting patients will be recruited in the physiotherapy department of Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, and randomly allocated to one of the three groups in a concealed manner. The main outcomes will be sleep quality (self-report and objective measurement), and self-reported functional disability, pain, quality of life, fear avoidance, anxiety and depression, physical activity, and patient satisfaction. Outcome will be evaluated at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. Qualitative telephone interviews will be embedded in the research design to obtain feedback from a sample of participants' about their experiences of sleep monitoring, trial participation and interventions, and to inform the design of a fully powered future RCT. Planned analysis will explore trends in the data, effect sizes and clinically important effects (quantitative data), and thematic analysis (qualitative data). DISCUSSION: This study will evaluate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial exploring the effects of three forms of physiotherapy (supervised general exercise programme, individualized walking programme and usual physiotherapy, which will serve as the control group) on sleep quality in people with chronic low back pain. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current controlled trial ISRCTN54009836. SN - 1471-2474 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20398349/Physiotherapy_for_sleep_disturbance_in_chronic_low_back_pain:_a_feasibility_randomised_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2474-11-70 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -