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Despite mandatory fortification of staple foods, vitamin D intakes of Canadian children and adults are inadequate.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2010; 121(1-2):301-3JS

Abstract

Vitamin D is largely obtained through sun-induced skin synthesis and less from dietary sources, but during Canadian winters, skin synthesis is non-existent. The objective of this study was to estimate vitamin D intakes in Canadians from food sources. Data used in this study included food intakes of Canadians reported in the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 (CCHS 2.2), a nationally representative sample of 34,789 persons over the age of 1 year. The mean+/-SD dietary intake of vitamin D from food of Canadians was 5.8+/-0.1 microg/day, with males 9-18 years having the highest mean intakes (7.5+/-0.2 microg/day) and females 51-70 years having the lowest intakes (5.2+/-0.3 microg/day). Males in all age groups had higher intakes than females and White Canadians had higher vitamin D intakes than Non-Whites in most age sex groups. Milk products contributed 49% of dietary vitamin D followed by meat and meat-alternatives (31.1%). The majority of Canadians consume less than current recommended intake of vitamin D from food. Consideration should be given to strategies to improve vitamin D intake of Canadians by increasing both the amount of vitamin D added to foods and range of foods eligible for fortification.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, 110 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5C9. vatan.h@usask.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20399268

Citation

Vatanparast, Hassanali, et al. "Despite Mandatory Fortification of Staple Foods, Vitamin D Intakes of Canadian Children and Adults Are Inadequate." The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 121, no. 1-2, 2010, pp. 301-3.
Vatanparast H, Calvo MS, Green TJ, et al. Despite mandatory fortification of staple foods, vitamin D intakes of Canadian children and adults are inadequate. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;121(1-2):301-3.
Vatanparast, H., Calvo, M. S., Green, T. J., & Whiting, S. J. (2010). Despite mandatory fortification of staple foods, vitamin D intakes of Canadian children and adults are inadequate. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 121(1-2), pp. 301-3. doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2010.03.079.
Vatanparast H, et al. Despite Mandatory Fortification of Staple Foods, Vitamin D Intakes of Canadian Children and Adults Are Inadequate. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;121(1-2):301-3. PubMed PMID: 20399268.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Despite mandatory fortification of staple foods, vitamin D intakes of Canadian children and adults are inadequate. AU - Vatanparast,Hassanali, AU - Calvo,Mona S, AU - Green,Timothy J, AU - Whiting,Susan J, Y1 - 2010/04/21/ PY - 2009/10/29/received PY - 2010/03/12/revised PY - 2010/03/26/accepted PY - 2010/4/20/entrez PY - 2010/4/20/pubmed PY - 2010/9/21/medline SP - 301 EP - 3 JF - The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology JO - J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. VL - 121 IS - 1-2 N2 - Vitamin D is largely obtained through sun-induced skin synthesis and less from dietary sources, but during Canadian winters, skin synthesis is non-existent. The objective of this study was to estimate vitamin D intakes in Canadians from food sources. Data used in this study included food intakes of Canadians reported in the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 (CCHS 2.2), a nationally representative sample of 34,789 persons over the age of 1 year. The mean+/-SD dietary intake of vitamin D from food of Canadians was 5.8+/-0.1 microg/day, with males 9-18 years having the highest mean intakes (7.5+/-0.2 microg/day) and females 51-70 years having the lowest intakes (5.2+/-0.3 microg/day). Males in all age groups had higher intakes than females and White Canadians had higher vitamin D intakes than Non-Whites in most age sex groups. Milk products contributed 49% of dietary vitamin D followed by meat and meat-alternatives (31.1%). The majority of Canadians consume less than current recommended intake of vitamin D from food. Consideration should be given to strategies to improve vitamin D intake of Canadians by increasing both the amount of vitamin D added to foods and range of foods eligible for fortification. SN - 1879-1220 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20399268/Despite_mandatory_fortification_of_staple_foods_vitamin_D_intakes_of_Canadian_children_and_adults_are_inadequate_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960-0760(10)00178-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -