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Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys.
Compr Psychiatry. 2010 May-Jun; 51(3):286-92.CP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although differential patterns of temperament and character have been documented in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), few studies have investigated relations between these dimensions, clinical features of ADHD, and treatment outcome.

METHODS

Ninety-five boys with ADHD and 87 controls participated in the study; 88.5% of the referred patients were reassessed after optimal titration of methylphendiate treatment.

RESULTS

Compared with controls, boys with ADHD showed a temperament profile of high novelty seeking, low reward dependence, and persistence, as well as low scores on both self-determination and cooperativeness character dimensions. No significant differences were found between subjects with ADHD and controls in harm avoidance. Temperament and character traits were related to specific symptom domains and comorbidity but did not predict global severity of ADHD. Persistent and immature children with ADHD were more likely to experience short-term remission.

Authors+Show Affiliations

AP-HP, Robert Debré Hospital, 75019 Paris, France. diane.uakil-purper@orange.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20399338

Citation

Purper-Ouakil, Diane, et al. "Temperament and Character Dimensions Associated With Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Outcome in Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder Boys." Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 51, no. 3, 2010, pp. 286-92.
Purper-Ouakil D, Cortese S, Wohl M, et al. Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys. Compr Psychiatry. 2010;51(3):286-92.
Purper-Ouakil, D., Cortese, S., Wohl, M., Aubron, V., Orejarena, S., Michel, G., Asch, M., Mouren, M. C., & Gorwood, P. (2010). Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51(3), 286-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.08.004
Purper-Ouakil D, et al. Temperament and Character Dimensions Associated With Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Outcome in Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder Boys. Compr Psychiatry. 2010 May-Jun;51(3):286-92. PubMed PMID: 20399338.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys. AU - Purper-Ouakil,Diane, AU - Cortese,Samuele, AU - Wohl,Mathias, AU - Aubron,Valérie, AU - Orejarena,Silvia, AU - Michel,Gregory, AU - Asch,Muriel, AU - Mouren,Marie-Christine, AU - Gorwood,Philip, PY - 2009/01/24/received PY - 2009/07/13/revised PY - 2009/08/23/accepted PY - 2010/4/20/entrez PY - 2010/4/20/pubmed PY - 2010/7/16/medline SP - 286 EP - 92 JF - Comprehensive psychiatry JO - Compr Psychiatry VL - 51 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although differential patterns of temperament and character have been documented in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), few studies have investigated relations between these dimensions, clinical features of ADHD, and treatment outcome. METHODS: Ninety-five boys with ADHD and 87 controls participated in the study; 88.5% of the referred patients were reassessed after optimal titration of methylphendiate treatment. RESULTS: Compared with controls, boys with ADHD showed a temperament profile of high novelty seeking, low reward dependence, and persistence, as well as low scores on both self-determination and cooperativeness character dimensions. No significant differences were found between subjects with ADHD and controls in harm avoidance. Temperament and character traits were related to specific symptom domains and comorbidity but did not predict global severity of ADHD. Persistent and immature children with ADHD were more likely to experience short-term remission. SN - 1532-8384 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20399338/Temperament_and_character_dimensions_associated_with_clinical_characteristics_and_treatment_outcome_in_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_boys_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-440X(09)00090-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -