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Posttraumatic growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.
J Affect Disord. 2010 Oct; 126(1-2):230-5.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

A growing body of research has examined the prevalence and correlates of psychopathology, mild traumatic brain injury, and related problems in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF-OIF). While these studies help characterize the deleterious effects of combat, no known study has examined factors that may enhance posttraumatic growth or positive changes experienced as a result of combat in this population.

METHOD

A total of 272 predominantly older Reservist/National Guard OEF-OIF Veterans completed an anonymous mail survey that assessed combat exposure, psychopathology, psychosocial functioning, social support, and posttraumatic growth.

RESULTS

Seventy-two percent of the sample endorsed a significant degree of posttraumatic growth in at least one of the areas assessed, the most common of which were changing priorities about what is important in life (52.2%), being able to better appreciate each day (51.1%), and being better able to handle difficulties (48.5%). Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that younger age, greater posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and increased perceptions of unit member support and effort/perseverance were significantly associated with posttraumatic growth. Respondents with PTSD scored higher on an overall measure of posttraumatic growth and on items reflecting appreciation of life and personal strength.

LIMITATIONS

This study is limited by a relatively low survey return rate and employment of an abbreviated measure of posttraumatic growth.

CONCLUSIONS

Results of this study suggest that interventions to bolster unit member support and to enhance perceptions of effort and perseverance may help promote posttraumatic growth in OEF-OIF Veterans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Resilience Laboratory, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA. robert.pietrzak@yale.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20399504

Citation

Pietrzak, Robert H., et al. "Posttraumatic Growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 126, no. 1-2, 2010, pp. 230-5.
Pietrzak RH, Goldstein MB, Malley JC, et al. Posttraumatic growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. J Affect Disord. 2010;126(1-2):230-5.
Pietrzak, R. H., Goldstein, M. B., Malley, J. C., Rivers, A. J., Johnson, D. C., Morgan, C. A., & Southwick, S. M. (2010). Posttraumatic growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Journal of Affective Disorders, 126(1-2), 230-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.03.021
Pietrzak RH, et al. Posttraumatic Growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. J Affect Disord. 2010;126(1-2):230-5. PubMed PMID: 20399504.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Posttraumatic growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. AU - Pietrzak,Robert H, AU - Goldstein,Marc B, AU - Malley,James C, AU - Rivers,Alison J, AU - Johnson,Douglas C, AU - Morgan,Charles A,3rd AU - Southwick,Steven M, PY - 2009/10/09/received PY - 2010/02/18/revised PY - 2010/03/23/accepted PY - 2010/4/20/entrez PY - 2010/4/20/pubmed PY - 2010/12/28/medline SP - 230 EP - 5 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 126 IS - 1-2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: A growing body of research has examined the prevalence and correlates of psychopathology, mild traumatic brain injury, and related problems in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF-OIF). While these studies help characterize the deleterious effects of combat, no known study has examined factors that may enhance posttraumatic growth or positive changes experienced as a result of combat in this population. METHOD: A total of 272 predominantly older Reservist/National Guard OEF-OIF Veterans completed an anonymous mail survey that assessed combat exposure, psychopathology, psychosocial functioning, social support, and posttraumatic growth. RESULTS: Seventy-two percent of the sample endorsed a significant degree of posttraumatic growth in at least one of the areas assessed, the most common of which were changing priorities about what is important in life (52.2%), being able to better appreciate each day (51.1%), and being better able to handle difficulties (48.5%). Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that younger age, greater posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and increased perceptions of unit member support and effort/perseverance were significantly associated with posttraumatic growth. Respondents with PTSD scored higher on an overall measure of posttraumatic growth and on items reflecting appreciation of life and personal strength. LIMITATIONS: This study is limited by a relatively low survey return rate and employment of an abbreviated measure of posttraumatic growth. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study suggest that interventions to bolster unit member support and to enhance perceptions of effort and perseverance may help promote posttraumatic growth in OEF-OIF Veterans. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20399504/Posttraumatic_growth_in_Veterans_of_Operations_Enduring_Freedom_and_Iraqi_Freedom_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(10)00314-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -