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Addiction to indoor tanning: relation to anxiety, depression, and substance use.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the prevalence of addiction to indoor tanning among college students and its association with substance use and symptoms of anxiety and depression.

DESIGN

Two written measures, the CAGE (Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener) Questionnaire, used to screen for alcoholism, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition, Text Revision) (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for substance-related disorders, were modified to evaluate study participants for addiction to indoor tanning. Standardized self-report measures of anxiety, depression, and substance use also were administered.

SETTING

A large university (approximately 18 000 students) in the northeastern United States.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 421 college students were recruited from September through December 2006.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Self-reported addiction to indoor tanning, substance use, and symptoms of anxiety and depression.

RESULTS

Among 229 study participants who had used indoor tanning facilities, 90 (39.3%) met DSM-IV-TR criteria and 70 (30.6%) met CAGE criteria for addiction to indoor tanning. Students who met DSM-IV-TR and CAGE criteria for addiction to indoor tanning reported greater symptoms of anxiety and greater use of alcohol, marijuana, and other substances than those who did not meet these criteria. Depressive symptoms did not significantly vary by indoor tanning addiction status.

CONCLUSION

Findings suggest that interventions to reduce skin cancer risk should address the addictive qualities of indoor tanning for a minority of individuals and the relationship of this behavior to other addictions and affective disturbance.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 641 Lexington Ave, Seventh Floor, New York, NY 10022, USA. mosherc@mskcc.org

    Source

    Archives of dermatology 146:4 2010 Apr pg 412-7

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Anxiety Disorders
    Behavior, Addictive
    Cohort Studies
    Depressive Disorder
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Students
    Substance-Related Disorders
    Sunbathing
    United States
    Universities
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20404230

    Citation

    Mosher, Catherine E., and Sharon Danoff-Burg. "Addiction to Indoor Tanning: Relation to Anxiety, Depression, and Substance Use." Archives of Dermatology, vol. 146, no. 4, 2010, pp. 412-7.
    Mosher CE, Danoff-Burg S. Addiction to indoor tanning: relation to anxiety, depression, and substance use. Arch Dermatol. 2010;146(4):412-7.
    Mosher, C. E., & Danoff-Burg, S. (2010). Addiction to indoor tanning: relation to anxiety, depression, and substance use. Archives of Dermatology, 146(4), pp. 412-7. doi:10.1001/archdermatol.2009.385.
    Mosher CE, Danoff-Burg S. Addiction to Indoor Tanning: Relation to Anxiety, Depression, and Substance Use. Arch Dermatol. 2010;146(4):412-7. PubMed PMID: 20404230.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Addiction to indoor tanning: relation to anxiety, depression, and substance use. AU - Mosher,Catherine E, AU - Danoff-Burg,Sharon, PY - 2010/4/21/entrez PY - 2010/4/21/pubmed PY - 2010/5/19/medline SP - 412 EP - 7 JF - Archives of dermatology JO - Arch Dermatol VL - 146 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of addiction to indoor tanning among college students and its association with substance use and symptoms of anxiety and depression. DESIGN: Two written measures, the CAGE (Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener) Questionnaire, used to screen for alcoholism, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition, Text Revision) (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for substance-related disorders, were modified to evaluate study participants for addiction to indoor tanning. Standardized self-report measures of anxiety, depression, and substance use also were administered. SETTING: A large university (approximately 18 000 students) in the northeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 421 college students were recruited from September through December 2006. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported addiction to indoor tanning, substance use, and symptoms of anxiety and depression. RESULTS: Among 229 study participants who had used indoor tanning facilities, 90 (39.3%) met DSM-IV-TR criteria and 70 (30.6%) met CAGE criteria for addiction to indoor tanning. Students who met DSM-IV-TR and CAGE criteria for addiction to indoor tanning reported greater symptoms of anxiety and greater use of alcohol, marijuana, and other substances than those who did not meet these criteria. Depressive symptoms did not significantly vary by indoor tanning addiction status. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that interventions to reduce skin cancer risk should address the addictive qualities of indoor tanning for a minority of individuals and the relationship of this behavior to other addictions and affective disturbance. SN - 1538-3652 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20404230/Addiction_to_indoor_tanning:_relation_to_anxiety_depression_and_substance_use_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/fullarticle/10.1001/archdermatol.2009.385 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -