Autosomal recessive congenital cataract in consanguineous Pakistani families is associated with mutations in GALK1.Mol Vis. 2010 Apr 15; 16:682-8.MV
To identify the pathogenic mutations responsible for autosomal recessive congenital cataracts in consanguineous Pakistani families.
All affected individuals underwent detailed ophthalmologic and medical examination. Blood samples were collected and genomic DNA was extracted. A genome-wide scan was performed with polymorphic microsatellite markers on genomic DNA from affected and unaffected family members and logarithm of odds (LOD) scores were calculated. All coding exons of galactokinase (GALK1) were sequenced to identify pathogenic lesions.
Clinical records and ophthalmological examinations suggested that affected individuals have nuclear cataracts. Linkage analysis localized the critical interval to chromosome 17q with a maximum LOD score of 5.54 at theta=0, with D17S785 in family PKCC030. Sequencing of GALK1, a gene present in the critical interval, identified a single base pair deletion: c.410delG, which results in a frame shift leading to a premature termination of GALK1: p.G137fsX27. Additionally, we identified a missense mutation: c.416T>C, in family PKCC055 that results in substitution of a leucine residue at position 139 with a proline residue: p.L139P, and is predicted to be deleterious to the native GALK1 structure.
Here, we report pathogenic mutations in GALK1 that are responsible for autosomal recessive congenital cataracts in consanguineous Pakistani families.