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Llaki and ñakary: idioms of distress and suffering among the highland Quechua in the Peruvian Andes.
Cult Med Psychiatry. 2010 Jun; 34(2):279-300.CM

Abstract

This article examines some of the long-term health outcomes of extreme adversities and the ways in which social inequalities and idioms of distress are historically and socially produced in the Peruvian context. We describe how the highland Quechua of northern Ayacucho construct and experience expressions of distress and suffering such as pinsamientuwan (worrying thoughts, worries), ñakary (suffering) and llaki (sorrow, sadness), in a context of persistent social inequalities, social exclusion and a recent history of political violence. It is concluded that the multiple expressions of distress and suffering are closely related to past and current events, shaped by beliefs, core values and cultural norms and, in this process, transformed, recreated and invested with new meanings and attributions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Douglas Institute Research Centre and Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, 6875 LaSalle Boulevard, Montreal, QC H4H1R3, Canada. duncan.pedersen@mcgill.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20405314

Citation

Pedersen, Duncan, et al. "Llaki and Ñakary: Idioms of Distress and Suffering Among the Highland Quechua in the Peruvian Andes." Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, vol. 34, no. 2, 2010, pp. 279-300.
Pedersen D, Kienzler H, Gamarra J. Llaki and ñakary: idioms of distress and suffering among the highland Quechua in the Peruvian Andes. Cult Med Psychiatry. 2010;34(2):279-300.
Pedersen, D., Kienzler, H., & Gamarra, J. (2010). Llaki and ñakary: idioms of distress and suffering among the highland Quechua in the Peruvian Andes. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 34(2), 279-300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-010-9173-z
Pedersen D, Kienzler H, Gamarra J. Llaki and Ñakary: Idioms of Distress and Suffering Among the Highland Quechua in the Peruvian Andes. Cult Med Psychiatry. 2010;34(2):279-300. PubMed PMID: 20405314.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Llaki and ñakary: idioms of distress and suffering among the highland Quechua in the Peruvian Andes. AU - Pedersen,Duncan, AU - Kienzler,Hanna, AU - Gamarra,Jeffrey, PY - 2010/4/21/entrez PY - 2010/4/21/pubmed PY - 2010/9/3/medline SP - 279 EP - 300 JF - Culture, medicine and psychiatry JO - Cult Med Psychiatry VL - 34 IS - 2 N2 - This article examines some of the long-term health outcomes of extreme adversities and the ways in which social inequalities and idioms of distress are historically and socially produced in the Peruvian context. We describe how the highland Quechua of northern Ayacucho construct and experience expressions of distress and suffering such as pinsamientuwan (worrying thoughts, worries), ñakary (suffering) and llaki (sorrow, sadness), in a context of persistent social inequalities, social exclusion and a recent history of political violence. It is concluded that the multiple expressions of distress and suffering are closely related to past and current events, shaped by beliefs, core values and cultural norms and, in this process, transformed, recreated and invested with new meanings and attributions. SN - 1573-076X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20405314/Llaki_and_ñakary:_idioms_of_distress_and_suffering_among_the_highland_Quechua_in_the_Peruvian_Andes_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-010-9173-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -