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Effectiveness of imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of combat-related nightmares in veterans.
Behav Ther. 2010 Jun; 41(2):237-44.BT

Abstract

Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT) has been shown to be efficacious in reducing nightmares, but the treatment has not been well-studied in veterans. The effectiveness of IRT was assessed from a chart review of veterans seeking outpatient treatment for chronic, trauma-related nightmares. Of those offered IRT, veterans who completed a full course of treatment for PTSD in the past year were more likely to initiate treatment. However, completion of IRT was not related to previous treatment, demographic variables, or nightmare severity reported at the first treatment session. Treatment completers reported significant reductions in nightmare frequency and intensity, severity of insomnia, and subjective daytime PTSD symptoms. Insomnia and PTSD symptoms, on average, were below clinical cutoffs following treatment, and 23% of patients showed a complete treatment response (< or =1 nightmare/week). Findings suggest IRT may be an effective short-term treatment for nighttime and daytime PTSD symptoms among veterans who complete a full course of treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Veteran Affairs San Diego Healthcare Systems, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr., MC 151B, Building 13, 3rd floor, San Diego, CA 92161, USA. drummond@ucsd.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20412888

Citation

Nappi, Carla M., et al. "Effectiveness of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy for the Treatment of Combat-related Nightmares in Veterans." Behavior Therapy, vol. 41, no. 2, 2010, pp. 237-44.
Nappi CM, Drummond SP, Thorp SR, et al. Effectiveness of imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of combat-related nightmares in veterans. Behav Ther. 2010;41(2):237-44.
Nappi, C. M., Drummond, S. P., Thorp, S. R., & McQuaid, J. R. (2010). Effectiveness of imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of combat-related nightmares in veterans. Behavior Therapy, 41(2), 237-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2009.03.003
Nappi CM, et al. Effectiveness of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy for the Treatment of Combat-related Nightmares in Veterans. Behav Ther. 2010;41(2):237-44. PubMed PMID: 20412888.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effectiveness of imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of combat-related nightmares in veterans. AU - Nappi,Carla M, AU - Drummond,Sean P A, AU - Thorp,Steven R, AU - McQuaid,John R, Y1 - 2009/12/16/ PY - 2008/11/18/received PY - 2009/03/20/revised PY - 2009/03/25/accepted PY - 2010/4/24/entrez PY - 2010/4/24/pubmed PY - 2010/7/27/medline SP - 237 EP - 44 JF - Behavior therapy JO - Behav Ther VL - 41 IS - 2 N2 - Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT) has been shown to be efficacious in reducing nightmares, but the treatment has not been well-studied in veterans. The effectiveness of IRT was assessed from a chart review of veterans seeking outpatient treatment for chronic, trauma-related nightmares. Of those offered IRT, veterans who completed a full course of treatment for PTSD in the past year were more likely to initiate treatment. However, completion of IRT was not related to previous treatment, demographic variables, or nightmare severity reported at the first treatment session. Treatment completers reported significant reductions in nightmare frequency and intensity, severity of insomnia, and subjective daytime PTSD symptoms. Insomnia and PTSD symptoms, on average, were below clinical cutoffs following treatment, and 23% of patients showed a complete treatment response (< or =1 nightmare/week). Findings suggest IRT may be an effective short-term treatment for nighttime and daytime PTSD symptoms among veterans who complete a full course of treatment. SN - 1878-1888 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20412888/Effectiveness_of_imagery_rehearsal_therapy_for_the_treatment_of_combat_related_nightmares_in_veterans_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0005-7894(09)00079-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -