Analysis of amphetamines and metabolites in urine with ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2010 Jun 01; 878(19):1616-22.JC
A simple, rapid and sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and fully validated for the quantitative determination of seven amphetamines and metabolites in urine. The method was validated for selectivity, linearity, LOQ, LOD, imprecision, bias, analyte and processed sample stability, matrix effect, recovery, carryover and dilution integrity. A classic liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate was used as sample preparation procedure. The compounds were separated on an Acquity UPLC HSS C18 column in 6.8 min. The linear dynamic range was established from 25 to 500 ng/mL. The limit of quantification was fixed to the lowest calibrator level and the limit of detection ranged from 0.125 to 2.5 ng/mL. The method presented an excellent intra- and inter-assay imprecision and bias (<10.7%) at each measured concentration of two external quality controls (QC) and three "in house" QC. No matrix effects were observed and good recoveries (>70%) were obtained for all the compounds. No carryover was observed after the analysis of high concentrated samples (8000 ng/mL). The method was subsequently applied to authentic samples.