[Expression and abscission of activated receptors and their ligands on/from NK cells in peripheral blood of patients with acute leukemia].Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2010 Apr; 18(2):436-40.ZS
This study was aimed to explore the immune escaping mechanisms based on expression and abscission of human natural killer (NK) cell activating receptors NKG2D and their ligands MICA/B, ULBP-1, 2, 3 in patients with acute leukemia (AL). 30 de novo AL patients and 10 healthy persons (control) were enrolled in study. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression levels of MICA/B, ULBP-1, 2, 3 on leukemic cells. ELISA was used to detect the levels of soluble MICA (sMICA), solube MICB (sMICB) and soluble ULBP-1, -2, -3 in the serum. The results showed that sMICA, sMICB and ULBP-1, -2, -3 were not expressed or expressed at very low levels on leukemia cells of the patients; the levels of free sMICA and sMICB in serum of AL patients were higher than that in serum of healthy persons, there was significant difference (p<0.01). But the levels of ULBP 1-3 in serum of AL patients did not show obvious statistical difference as compared with healthy persons (p>0.05). It is concluded that the negative or low expression of NKG2D ligands (MICA, MICB and ULBPs) on surface of acute leukemia cells may lead to the immune escape of leukemia cells, the abscission of MICA and MICB, and the deficiency of ULBP expression on leukemia cells may be one of immune escape mechanisms of leukemia cells.