GnRH antagonist cetrorelix inhibits mitochondria-dependent apoptosis triggered by chemotherapy in granulosa cells of rats.Gynecol Oncol 2010; 118(1):69-75GO
Exposure to chemotherapy causes various adverse effects on the ovaries including premature ovarian failure and infertility. GnRH antagonist cetrorelix could reverse the ovarian damage during chemotherapy, but the mechanism remains unclear. The objectives of this study were to examine the role of the cetrorelix for prevention of mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in granulosa cells of rats during the treatment with cyclophosphamide(Cy), if the mitochondria-dependent apoptotic process was involved.
Female SD rats were injected with cetrorelix before and after administration of saline, or Cy. Main outcome measures were the apoptotic indexes, serum hormones, ultrastructure of granulosa cells, mitochondrial membrane potential, the kinetics of cytochrome c (Cyt-c) processing in cells, and apoptotic markers.
The ovarian apoptotic indexes as shown by TUNEL assay were reduced by cetrorelix pretreatment and the rats regained normal hormonal profile. The ultrastructure and JC-1 fluorescence intensity assessments showed cetrorelix pretreatment inhibited mitochondrial dysfunction in granulosa cells induced by chemotherapy. Western blot analysis showed that cetrorelix suppressed the release of Cyt-c from mitochondria to cytoplasm. Meanwhile, cetrorelix pretreatment expressed less Bax, caspase-3 and Cyt-c in granulosa cells compared with chemotherapy alone.
Cetrorelix could reduce the apoptosis in granulosa cells through inhibiting mitochondria-dependent apoptosis triggered by chemotherapy.