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Longitudinal analysis of personal and work-related factors associated with turnover among nurses.
Nurs Res. 2010 May-Jun; 59(3):166-77.NR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although many scholars have acknowledged the relationship between personal and work-related factors associated with job search and actual turnover, there is a lack of longitudinal designs that test this relationship empirically.

OBJECTIVES

This longitudinal study examines specific determinant factors that differentiate between so-called "stayers" and "leavers" within the nursing profession and identifies risk factors for premature leaving by comparing nurses who have left their job or the nursing profession with nurses who stay.

METHODS

This cross-national exploratory European survey included 34,587 nurses (baseline measurement) working in 623 hospitals, nursing homes, and home care institutions and was composed of two measurements with a 1-year time interval. The final samples for the follow-up measurement included 14,016 stayers and 866 leavers. As regards the leavers, the participating nurses were asked to indicate to what extent personal and work-related factors had contributed to the decision to leave their healthcare institution.

RESULTS

Nurses' intent-to-leave scores were higher in the baseline measurement among those who left the organization during the following 12 months than those among nurses who stayed (24.0% vs. 13.5%). A majority of nurses (86.8%) left their profession voluntarily. Involuntary departure occurred more often in Eastern European countries. Nurses indicated that the reasons for leaving were (a) working conditions (e.g., relationship problems, emotional difficulties, time pressure and quality of care, dissatisfaction with use of one's competence and lack of autonomy, work schedule difficulties, and dissatisfaction with pay) and (b) family reasons (e.g., caring for relatives). For a considerable number of nurses, health reasons and the desire for continuing education added to their decision to leave.

DISCUSSION

Healthcare organizations should pay attention to preventive measures to protect labor market potential. Recommendations are made for human resource development in healthcare organizations and for further empirical research to better understand to what extent different policy systems across the European countries explain variance in outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Occupational Health Physician, Department of Occupational Health, Hôtel Dieu, Assistance-Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. madeleine.estryn-behar@sap.aphp.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20421841

Citation

Estryn-Behar, Madeleine, et al. "Longitudinal Analysis of Personal and Work-related Factors Associated With Turnover Among Nurses." Nursing Research, vol. 59, no. 3, 2010, pp. 166-77.
Estryn-Behar M, van der Heijden BI, Fry C, et al. Longitudinal analysis of personal and work-related factors associated with turnover among nurses. Nurs Res. 2010;59(3):166-77.
Estryn-Behar, M., van der Heijden, B. I., Fry, C., & Hasselhorn, H. M. (2010). Longitudinal analysis of personal and work-related factors associated with turnover among nurses. Nursing Research, 59(3), 166-77. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181dbb29f
Estryn-Behar M, et al. Longitudinal Analysis of Personal and Work-related Factors Associated With Turnover Among Nurses. Nurs Res. 2010 May-Jun;59(3):166-77. PubMed PMID: 20421841.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Longitudinal analysis of personal and work-related factors associated with turnover among nurses. AU - Estryn-Behar,Madeleine, AU - van der Heijden,Beatrice I J M, AU - Fry,Clementine, AU - Hasselhorn,Hans-Martin, PY - 2010/4/28/entrez PY - 2010/4/28/pubmed PY - 2010/5/28/medline SP - 166 EP - 77 JF - Nursing research JO - Nurs Res VL - 59 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although many scholars have acknowledged the relationship between personal and work-related factors associated with job search and actual turnover, there is a lack of longitudinal designs that test this relationship empirically. OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines specific determinant factors that differentiate between so-called "stayers" and "leavers" within the nursing profession and identifies risk factors for premature leaving by comparing nurses who have left their job or the nursing profession with nurses who stay. METHODS: This cross-national exploratory European survey included 34,587 nurses (baseline measurement) working in 623 hospitals, nursing homes, and home care institutions and was composed of two measurements with a 1-year time interval. The final samples for the follow-up measurement included 14,016 stayers and 866 leavers. As regards the leavers, the participating nurses were asked to indicate to what extent personal and work-related factors had contributed to the decision to leave their healthcare institution. RESULTS: Nurses' intent-to-leave scores were higher in the baseline measurement among those who left the organization during the following 12 months than those among nurses who stayed (24.0% vs. 13.5%). A majority of nurses (86.8%) left their profession voluntarily. Involuntary departure occurred more often in Eastern European countries. Nurses indicated that the reasons for leaving were (a) working conditions (e.g., relationship problems, emotional difficulties, time pressure and quality of care, dissatisfaction with use of one's competence and lack of autonomy, work schedule difficulties, and dissatisfaction with pay) and (b) family reasons (e.g., caring for relatives). For a considerable number of nurses, health reasons and the desire for continuing education added to their decision to leave. DISCUSSION: Healthcare organizations should pay attention to preventive measures to protect labor market potential. Recommendations are made for human resource development in healthcare organizations and for further empirical research to better understand to what extent different policy systems across the European countries explain variance in outcomes. SN - 1538-9847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20421841/Longitudinal_analysis_of_personal_and_work_related_factors_associated_with_turnover_among_nurses_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181dbb29f DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -