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Dietary and fluid compliance: an educational intervention for patients having haemodialysis.
J Adv Nurs 2010; 66(1):60-8JA

Abstract

AIM

This paper is a report of a study conducted to determine the effect of an educational intervention on dietary and fluid compliance in patients having haemodialysis.

BACKGROUND

Many of the clinical problems experienced by patients having haemodialysis are related to their failure to eat appropriate foods and restrict their fluid intake. Educational intervention in patients having haemodialysis to improve their compliance with dietary and fluid restrictions appears to be effective.

METHODS

Sixty-three patients having haemodialysis in three general hospitals in Tehran, Iran, were allocated into two groups at random for oral and/or video education. They were asked to give demographic and medical data. Bimonthly average values of serum potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphate, albumin, creatinine, uric acid, and blood urea nitrogen and interdialytic weight gain were measured before and after the teaching programmes. The data were collected in 2007.

FINDINGS

Compliance in terms of biochemical parameters and interdialytic weight gain was observed in 63.5% and 76.2% of patients in the oral and video teaching groups respectively. Statistically significant correlations were observed between demographic variables (age, educational level and occupation) and dietary and fluid compliances (P < 0.001). There was no difference between the effectiveness of two educational interventions.

CONCLUSION

Nurses should emphasize sodium compliance in patients having haemodialysis and explain its adverse effects, such as excessive weight gain, hypertension, and peripheral oedema.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20423436

Citation

Baraz, Shahram, et al. "Dietary and Fluid Compliance: an Educational Intervention for Patients Having Haemodialysis." Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 66, no. 1, 2010, pp. 60-8.
Baraz S, Parvardeh S, Mohammadi E, et al. Dietary and fluid compliance: an educational intervention for patients having haemodialysis. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66(1):60-8.
Baraz, S., Parvardeh, S., Mohammadi, E., & Broumand, B. (2010). Dietary and fluid compliance: an educational intervention for patients having haemodialysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66(1), pp. 60-8. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05142.x.
Baraz S, et al. Dietary and Fluid Compliance: an Educational Intervention for Patients Having Haemodialysis. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66(1):60-8. PubMed PMID: 20423436.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary and fluid compliance: an educational intervention for patients having haemodialysis. AU - Baraz,Shahram, AU - Parvardeh,Siavash, AU - Mohammadi,Eissa, AU - Broumand,Behrouz, PY - 2010/4/29/entrez PY - 2010/4/29/pubmed PY - 2010/7/10/medline SP - 60 EP - 8 JF - Journal of advanced nursing JO - J Adv Nurs VL - 66 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: This paper is a report of a study conducted to determine the effect of an educational intervention on dietary and fluid compliance in patients having haemodialysis. BACKGROUND: Many of the clinical problems experienced by patients having haemodialysis are related to their failure to eat appropriate foods and restrict their fluid intake. Educational intervention in patients having haemodialysis to improve their compliance with dietary and fluid restrictions appears to be effective. METHODS: Sixty-three patients having haemodialysis in three general hospitals in Tehran, Iran, were allocated into two groups at random for oral and/or video education. They were asked to give demographic and medical data. Bimonthly average values of serum potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphate, albumin, creatinine, uric acid, and blood urea nitrogen and interdialytic weight gain were measured before and after the teaching programmes. The data were collected in 2007. FINDINGS: Compliance in terms of biochemical parameters and interdialytic weight gain was observed in 63.5% and 76.2% of patients in the oral and video teaching groups respectively. Statistically significant correlations were observed between demographic variables (age, educational level and occupation) and dietary and fluid compliances (P < 0.001). There was no difference between the effectiveness of two educational interventions. CONCLUSION: Nurses should emphasize sodium compliance in patients having haemodialysis and explain its adverse effects, such as excessive weight gain, hypertension, and peripheral oedema. SN - 1365-2648 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20423436/Dietary_and_fluid_compliance:_an_educational_intervention_for_patients_having_haemodialysis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05142.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -