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Unconscious-thought effects take place off-line, not on-line.
Psychol Sci 2010; 21(4):484-8PS

Abstract

The unconscious-thought effect refers to an improvement in decision making following distraction from the decision context for a period of time. The dominant explanation for this effect is that unconscious processes continue to deal with the problem during the distraction period. Recently, however, some researchers have proposed that unconscious thinkers may be merely recalling a judgment that was formed on-line (i.e., during information acquisition). We present two experiments that rule out the latter interpretation. In the unconscious-thought condition of the first experiment, participants who reported making their decision after unconscious thought made better decisions than those who reported making their decision on-line. In the second experiment, all participants judged the choice alternatives both on-line and off-line. On-line judgments were predictive of off-line judgments only in the immediate-decision condition, but not in the conscious- and unconscious-thought conditions. These results demonstrate that a period of unconscious thought does improve judgments that were formed earlier on-line.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Cultural Psychology, Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. m.strick@bsi.ru.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20424087

Citation

Strick, Madelijn, et al. "Unconscious-thought Effects Take Place Off-line, Not On-line." Psychological Science, vol. 21, no. 4, 2010, pp. 484-8.
Strick M, Dijksterhuis A, van Baaren RB. Unconscious-thought effects take place off-line, not on-line. Psychol Sci. 2010;21(4):484-8.
Strick, M., Dijksterhuis, A., & van Baaren, R. B. (2010). Unconscious-thought effects take place off-line, not on-line. Psychological Science, 21(4), pp. 484-8. doi:10.1177/0956797610363555.
Strick M, Dijksterhuis A, van Baaren RB. Unconscious-thought Effects Take Place Off-line, Not On-line. Psychol Sci. 2010;21(4):484-8. PubMed PMID: 20424087.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Unconscious-thought effects take place off-line, not on-line. AU - Strick,Madelijn, AU - Dijksterhuis,Ap, AU - van Baaren,Rick B, Y1 - 2010/02/26/ PY - 2010/4/29/entrez PY - 2010/4/29/pubmed PY - 2010/9/16/medline SP - 484 EP - 8 JF - Psychological science JO - Psychol Sci VL - 21 IS - 4 N2 - The unconscious-thought effect refers to an improvement in decision making following distraction from the decision context for a period of time. The dominant explanation for this effect is that unconscious processes continue to deal with the problem during the distraction period. Recently, however, some researchers have proposed that unconscious thinkers may be merely recalling a judgment that was formed on-line (i.e., during information acquisition). We present two experiments that rule out the latter interpretation. In the unconscious-thought condition of the first experiment, participants who reported making their decision after unconscious thought made better decisions than those who reported making their decision on-line. In the second experiment, all participants judged the choice alternatives both on-line and off-line. On-line judgments were predictive of off-line judgments only in the immediate-decision condition, but not in the conscious- and unconscious-thought conditions. These results demonstrate that a period of unconscious thought does improve judgments that were formed earlier on-line. SN - 1467-9280 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20424087/Unconscious_thought_effects_take_place_off_line_not_on_line_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0956797610363555?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -