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Maternal self-efficacy regarding children's eating and sedentary behaviours in the early years: associations with children's food intake and sedentary behaviours.
Int J Pediatr Obes. 2010 Dec; 5(6):501-8.IJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This cross-sectional study aimed to describe parents' views regarding self-efficacy to influence children's eating and sedentary behaviours at two time points in early childhood, and to examine associations between these views and children's eating and sedentary behaviours.

METHODS

Mothers of 1-year (n=60) and 5-year-old children (n=80) were recruited through Maternal and Child Health Centres and kindergartens in Victoria, Australia. Mothers reported children's dietary intake, television viewing and perceptions of their self-efficacy regarding children's eating and sedentary behaviours.

RESULTS

Overall, 5-year-old children consumed significantly more energy-dense food and drink and spent significantly more time viewing TV/DVD and video. Mothers of 1-year-olds were significantly more likely to report they felt confident to limit child's consumption of non-core foods/drinks, and to limit screen access (p<0.001). Measures of maternal self-efficacy were directly associated with 5-year-old children's water (p<0.05), and fruit and vegetable consumption (p<0.005), and with 1-year-old children's vegetable consumption (p<0.05), and were inversely associated with cordial and cake consumption (p<0.05). Maternal self-efficacy to limit viewing time was inversely associated with screen-time exposure in both age groups (p<0.01).

CONCLUSION

This study suggests that mother's self-efficacy regarding limiting non-core foods/drinks and limiting screen-time exposures may decline during the first few years of a child's life. Higher maternal self-efficacy was associated with children having more obesity protective eating and sedentary behaviours at both ages. Interventions to support the development of healthy lifestyle behaviours may be most effective if they target mothers' self-efficacy in these domains early in their child's life.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Melbourne, Australia. karen.campbell@deakin.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20429735

Citation

Campbell, Karen, et al. "Maternal Self-efficacy Regarding Children's Eating and Sedentary Behaviours in the Early Years: Associations With Children's Food Intake and Sedentary Behaviours." International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 5, no. 6, 2010, pp. 501-8.
Campbell K, Hesketh K, Silverii A, et al. Maternal self-efficacy regarding children's eating and sedentary behaviours in the early years: associations with children's food intake and sedentary behaviours. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2010;5(6):501-8.
Campbell, K., Hesketh, K., Silverii, A., & Abbott, G. (2010). Maternal self-efficacy regarding children's eating and sedentary behaviours in the early years: associations with children's food intake and sedentary behaviours. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 5(6), 501-8. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477161003777425
Campbell K, et al. Maternal Self-efficacy Regarding Children's Eating and Sedentary Behaviours in the Early Years: Associations With Children's Food Intake and Sedentary Behaviours. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2010;5(6):501-8. PubMed PMID: 20429735.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal self-efficacy regarding children's eating and sedentary behaviours in the early years: associations with children's food intake and sedentary behaviours. AU - Campbell,Karen, AU - Hesketh,Kylie, AU - Silverii,Amanda, AU - Abbott,Gavin, Y1 - 2010/04/29/ PY - 2010/5/1/entrez PY - 2010/5/1/pubmed PY - 2011/2/22/medline SP - 501 EP - 8 JF - International journal of pediatric obesity : IJPO : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Int J Pediatr Obes VL - 5 IS - 6 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe parents' views regarding self-efficacy to influence children's eating and sedentary behaviours at two time points in early childhood, and to examine associations between these views and children's eating and sedentary behaviours. METHODS: Mothers of 1-year (n=60) and 5-year-old children (n=80) were recruited through Maternal and Child Health Centres and kindergartens in Victoria, Australia. Mothers reported children's dietary intake, television viewing and perceptions of their self-efficacy regarding children's eating and sedentary behaviours. RESULTS: Overall, 5-year-old children consumed significantly more energy-dense food and drink and spent significantly more time viewing TV/DVD and video. Mothers of 1-year-olds were significantly more likely to report they felt confident to limit child's consumption of non-core foods/drinks, and to limit screen access (p<0.001). Measures of maternal self-efficacy were directly associated with 5-year-old children's water (p<0.05), and fruit and vegetable consumption (p<0.005), and with 1-year-old children's vegetable consumption (p<0.05), and were inversely associated with cordial and cake consumption (p<0.05). Maternal self-efficacy to limit viewing time was inversely associated with screen-time exposure in both age groups (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that mother's self-efficacy regarding limiting non-core foods/drinks and limiting screen-time exposures may decline during the first few years of a child's life. Higher maternal self-efficacy was associated with children having more obesity protective eating and sedentary behaviours at both ages. Interventions to support the development of healthy lifestyle behaviours may be most effective if they target mothers' self-efficacy in these domains early in their child's life. SN - 1747-7174 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20429735/Maternal_self_efficacy_regarding_children's_eating_and_sedentary_behaviours_in_the_early_years:_associations_with_children's_food_intake_and_sedentary_behaviours_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3109/17477161003777425 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -