Perfluorinated compounds in urban river sediments from Guangzhou and Shanghai of China.Chemosphere. 2010 Jun; 80(2):123-30.C
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been determined in various matrices within China including water bodies, precipitations, biota and non-occupationally PFCs-exposed populations in recent years, yet little attention has been focused on the distributions of PFCs in urban river sediments from Chinese major metropolises such as Guangzhou and Shanghai so far. In this study, sediment samples of 0-2 cm were collected from 13 sites in the Zhujiang River across Guangzhou and nine sites in the Huangpu River across Shanghai. PFCs analysis on these sediments via high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) system was implemented targeting eight analytes involving perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) and perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTA). According to the analytical results, total concentrations of PFCs ([summation operator]PFCs) in sediments from the Zhujiang River were between 0.09 and 3.6 ng/g dry weight (dw), with PFOS being the dominant PFC contaminant in the river ranged from below LOD to 3.1 ng/g dw; while [summation operator]PFCs in sediments from the Huangpu River were between 0.25 and 1.1 ng/g dw, with PFOA being the main PFC contaminant in the river determined in the levels of 0.20-0.64 ng/g dw. Additionally, an overall decreasing trend of PFCs contaminations with depth was observed in both of two 60 cm sediment cores from the Zhujiang River and the Huangpu River each.