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Associations between dietary patterns and arterial stiffness, carotid artery intima-media thickness and atherosclerosis.
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2010 Dec; 17(6):718-24.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few studies have examined the association between global diet, assessed through dietary patterns, and arterial structure and function. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between carotid-femoral pulse-wave velocity (PWV), common carotid-arteries intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) and plaques with dietary patterns measured 7.5 years earlier.

DESIGN

A prospective cohort study between diet and markers of structure and function of large arteries.

METHODS

Dietary patterns (linear combination of food consumption) were identified using principal component analysis among 1026 middle-aged participants in the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) vascular substudy. Dietary data were based on repeated 24-h dietary records (at least three records during 2 years) obtained at inclusion. Carotid-femoral PWV was used to assess aortic stiffness. Carotid ultrasound examination included measurements of CCA-IMT and carotid plaques.

RESULTS

Four dietary patterns were identified. In multivariate models, a significant positive association was observed between PWV and a dietary pattern positively correlated with meat and alcohol consumption and negatively correlated with fibers, vitamins B9 and C, β-carotene and calcium consumption. Adjusted PWV mean across tertiles of this pattern score was 11.15, 11.26 and 11.58 m/s in the first, second and third tertiles, respectively (P for trend=0.03). Others dietary patterns were not associated with PWV and we detected no association between dietary patterns and IMT or plaques.

CONCLUSION

This study suggests that a nutritionally poor dietary pattern, characterized by a high meat and alcohol consumption and low micronutrients intake, is related to an increased stiffening of large arteries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UMR, INSERM U557/INRA U1125/CNAM/Université Paris 13, CRNH-IdF, Bobigny, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20431391

Citation

Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle, et al. "Associations Between Dietary Patterns and Arterial Stiffness, Carotid Artery Intima-media Thickness and Atherosclerosis." European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups On Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology, vol. 17, no. 6, 2010, pp. 718-24.
Kesse-Guyot E, Vergnaud AC, Fezeu L, et al. Associations between dietary patterns and arterial stiffness, carotid artery intima-media thickness and atherosclerosis. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2010;17(6):718-24.
Kesse-Guyot, E., Vergnaud, A. C., Fezeu, L., Zureik, M., Blacher, J., Péneau, S., Hercberg, S., Galan, P., & Czernichow, S. (2010). Associations between dietary patterns and arterial stiffness, carotid artery intima-media thickness and atherosclerosis. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups On Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology, 17(6), 718-24. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJR.0b013e32833a197f
Kesse-Guyot E, et al. Associations Between Dietary Patterns and Arterial Stiffness, Carotid Artery Intima-media Thickness and Atherosclerosis. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2010;17(6):718-24. PubMed PMID: 20431391.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between dietary patterns and arterial stiffness, carotid artery intima-media thickness and atherosclerosis. AU - Kesse-Guyot,Emmanuelle, AU - Vergnaud,Anne-Claire, AU - Fezeu,Léopold, AU - Zureik,Mahmoud, AU - Blacher,Jacques, AU - Péneau,Sandrine, AU - Hercberg,Serge, AU - Galan,Pilar, AU - Czernichow,Sébastien, PY - 2010/5/1/entrez PY - 2010/5/1/pubmed PY - 2011/4/26/medline SP - 718 EP - 24 JF - European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology JO - Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil VL - 17 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between global diet, assessed through dietary patterns, and arterial structure and function. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between carotid-femoral pulse-wave velocity (PWV), common carotid-arteries intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) and plaques with dietary patterns measured 7.5 years earlier. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study between diet and markers of structure and function of large arteries. METHODS: Dietary patterns (linear combination of food consumption) were identified using principal component analysis among 1026 middle-aged participants in the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) vascular substudy. Dietary data were based on repeated 24-h dietary records (at least three records during 2 years) obtained at inclusion. Carotid-femoral PWV was used to assess aortic stiffness. Carotid ultrasound examination included measurements of CCA-IMT and carotid plaques. RESULTS: Four dietary patterns were identified. In multivariate models, a significant positive association was observed between PWV and a dietary pattern positively correlated with meat and alcohol consumption and negatively correlated with fibers, vitamins B9 and C, β-carotene and calcium consumption. Adjusted PWV mean across tertiles of this pattern score was 11.15, 11.26 and 11.58 m/s in the first, second and third tertiles, respectively (P for trend=0.03). Others dietary patterns were not associated with PWV and we detected no association between dietary patterns and IMT or plaques. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a nutritionally poor dietary pattern, characterized by a high meat and alcohol consumption and low micronutrients intake, is related to an increased stiffening of large arteries. SN - 1741-8275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20431391/Associations_between_dietary_patterns_and_arterial_stiffness_carotid_artery_intima_media_thickness_and_atherosclerosis_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=20431391.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -