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Evaluation of root and canal systems of mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals using cone-beam computed tomography.
J Formos Med Assoc. 2010 Apr; 109(4):303-8.JF

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE

Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) can provide valuable data for root canal systems of human teeth. This study used CBCT to evaluate the number of roots and canals in mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals.

METHODS

We screened 151 patients (76 male and 75 female) scheduled for CBCT scan prior to implantation, or orthodontic, endodontic, or periodontic treatment between June 2006 and March 2009 at the Department of Dentistry, Cardinal Tien Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. A total of 237 image samples of mandibular first molars were obtained and analyzed for their number of roots and canals.

RESULTS

We found that 177 (74.7%) mandibular first molars had two roots and 60 (25.3%) had three roots. Of the 237 teeth, 133 (56.1%) had three canals, 96 (40.5%) had four, and eight (3.4%) had two canals. Of the 86 patients (43 male and 43 female) with bilateral mandibular first molars, 22 (25.6%, 15 male and 7 female) had bilateral three-rooted mandibular first molars, and six (7.0%, 4 male and 2 female) had unilateral three-rooted mandibular first molars. The chi(2) test showed a significantly higher incidence of three-rooted mandibular first molars in male (44.2%, 19/43) than in female (20.9%, 9/43, p = 0.038) subjects.

CONCLUSION

Our results showed a high overall incidence (32.6%) of three-rooted mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals. CBCT could be a valuable tool for identifying an extra distolingual root in mandibular first molars.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dentistry, Cardinal Tien Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20434040

Citation

Huang, Chih-Chia, et al. "Evaluation of Root and Canal Systems of Mandibular First Molars in Taiwanese Individuals Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography." Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan Yi Zhi, vol. 109, no. 4, 2010, pp. 303-8.
Huang CC, Chang YC, Chuang MC, et al. Evaluation of root and canal systems of mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals using cone-beam computed tomography. J Formos Med Assoc. 2010;109(4):303-8.
Huang, C. C., Chang, Y. C., Chuang, M. C., Lai, T. M., Lai, J. Y., Lee, B. S., & Lin, C. P. (2010). Evaluation of root and canal systems of mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals using cone-beam computed tomography. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan Yi Zhi, 109(4), 303-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0929-6646(10)60056-3
Huang CC, et al. Evaluation of Root and Canal Systems of Mandibular First Molars in Taiwanese Individuals Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography. J Formos Med Assoc. 2010;109(4):303-8. PubMed PMID: 20434040.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of root and canal systems of mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals using cone-beam computed tomography. AU - Huang,Chih-Chia, AU - Chang,Ya-Chi, AU - Chuang,Meng-Che, AU - Lai,Tat-Minc, AU - Lai,Juin-Yih, AU - Lee,Bor-Shiunn, AU - Lin,Chun-Pin, PY - 2009/04/23/received PY - 2009/06/24/revised PY - 2009/06/24/accepted PY - 2010/5/4/entrez PY - 2010/5/4/pubmed PY - 2010/6/4/medline SP - 303 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi JO - J. Formos. Med. Assoc. VL - 109 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) can provide valuable data for root canal systems of human teeth. This study used CBCT to evaluate the number of roots and canals in mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals. METHODS: We screened 151 patients (76 male and 75 female) scheduled for CBCT scan prior to implantation, or orthodontic, endodontic, or periodontic treatment between June 2006 and March 2009 at the Department of Dentistry, Cardinal Tien Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. A total of 237 image samples of mandibular first molars were obtained and analyzed for their number of roots and canals. RESULTS: We found that 177 (74.7%) mandibular first molars had two roots and 60 (25.3%) had three roots. Of the 237 teeth, 133 (56.1%) had three canals, 96 (40.5%) had four, and eight (3.4%) had two canals. Of the 86 patients (43 male and 43 female) with bilateral mandibular first molars, 22 (25.6%, 15 male and 7 female) had bilateral three-rooted mandibular first molars, and six (7.0%, 4 male and 2 female) had unilateral three-rooted mandibular first molars. The chi(2) test showed a significantly higher incidence of three-rooted mandibular first molars in male (44.2%, 19/43) than in female (20.9%, 9/43, p = 0.038) subjects. CONCLUSION: Our results showed a high overall incidence (32.6%) of three-rooted mandibular first molars in Taiwanese individuals. CBCT could be a valuable tool for identifying an extra distolingual root in mandibular first molars. SN - 0929-6646 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20434040/Evaluation_of_root_and_canal_systems_of_mandibular_first_molars_in_Taiwanese_individuals_using_cone_beam_computed_tomography_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0929-6646(10)60056-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -