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Nutrition in multiple sclerosis.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease that causes neurological disability in young adults. Etiology of the disease is still unknown, but it has an immune-mediated basis and occurs in genetically susceptible individuals. Nutritional status and dietary habits in MS patients have not been extensively studied or reported, however individual findings suggest that many patients suffer from various forms of malnutrition. In patients with MS, malnutrition has been associated with impairment of the immune system; it affects mental function, respiratory muscle strength and increases a risk of specific nutrient deficiencies. These findings emphasize the need for nutritional support in MS patients. On the other hand, several nutritional compounds have been investigated as a possible treatment in MS, mostly polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin D, however their role in the treatment is yet to be confirmed. The aim of this review is to present data on the role of nutritional assessment and treatment in patients with MS.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Department of Neurology, Zagreb, Croatia. mhabek@mef.hr

    ,

    Source

    Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 112:7 2010 Sep pg 616-20

    MeSH

    Diet
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Supplements
    Humans
    Multiple Sclerosis
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Nutritional Status
    Risk Factors
    Vitamin D Deficiency

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20444538

    Citation

    Habek, Mario, et al. "Nutrition in Multiple Sclerosis." Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 112, no. 7, 2010, pp. 616-20.
    Habek M, Hojsak I, Brinar VV. Nutrition in multiple sclerosis. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2010;112(7):616-20.
    Habek, M., Hojsak, I., & Brinar, V. V. (2010). Nutrition in multiple sclerosis. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 112(7), pp. 616-20. doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2010.03.029.
    Habek M, Hojsak I, Brinar VV. Nutrition in Multiple Sclerosis. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2010;112(7):616-20. PubMed PMID: 20444538.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrition in multiple sclerosis. AU - Habek,Mario, AU - Hojsak,Iva, AU - Brinar,Vesna V, Y1 - 2010/05/04/ PY - 2010/03/01/received PY - 2010/03/28/revised PY - 2010/03/29/accepted PY - 2010/5/7/entrez PY - 2010/5/7/pubmed PY - 2010/10/29/medline SP - 616 EP - 20 JF - Clinical neurology and neurosurgery JO - Clin Neurol Neurosurg VL - 112 IS - 7 N2 - Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease that causes neurological disability in young adults. Etiology of the disease is still unknown, but it has an immune-mediated basis and occurs in genetically susceptible individuals. Nutritional status and dietary habits in MS patients have not been extensively studied or reported, however individual findings suggest that many patients suffer from various forms of malnutrition. In patients with MS, malnutrition has been associated with impairment of the immune system; it affects mental function, respiratory muscle strength and increases a risk of specific nutrient deficiencies. These findings emphasize the need for nutritional support in MS patients. On the other hand, several nutritional compounds have been investigated as a possible treatment in MS, mostly polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin D, however their role in the treatment is yet to be confirmed. The aim of this review is to present data on the role of nutritional assessment and treatment in patients with MS. SN - 1872-6968 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20444538/Nutrition_in_multiple_sclerosis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0303-8467(10)00102-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -