Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Congenital head and neck masses in infants and children. Part II.
Ear Nose Throat J. 1991 Feb; 70(2):75-82.EN

Abstract

Congenital head and neck masses in children are a diverse group of lesions. Thyroglossal duct abnormalities are the most common, followed by branchial apparatus abnormalities, lymphangiomas (cystic hygroma), and subcutaneous vascular abnormalities (hemangioma, AVM). It is important to note that cutaneous hemangiomas are not included in this discussion of congenital masses. If they are considered within the general topic of congenital head and neck masses, vascular lesions by far are the most common. Teratomas and dermoid cysts represent true congenital neoplasms and are relatively uncommon. Several rare lesions have been noted in the discussion and should be included in the differential diagnosis. The diagnosis of these particular masses depends largely on history and physical examination. The location of the mass itself greatly limits the differential diagnosis. Ancillary studies such as plain x-rays, ultrasound, CT scanning, and angiography are useful in further limiting the possible diagnoses. Subcutaneous hemangiomas, ectopic thyroid, congenital goiter, and fibromatosis colli can be treated medically or with simple observation. Surgery is reversed for enlarging lesions or lesions affecting vital structures. The remainder of the congenital head and neck masses generally require early excisions to avoid complications of infection, airway obstruction, nutritional compromise, or the risk of malignant transformation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology, Oschner Clinic, New Orleans, Louisiana 70121.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2044478

Citation

Guarisco, J L.. "Congenital Head and Neck Masses in Infants and Children. Part II." Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal, vol. 70, no. 2, 1991, pp. 75-82.
Guarisco JL. Congenital head and neck masses in infants and children. Part II. Ear Nose Throat J. 1991;70(2):75-82.
Guarisco, J. L. (1991). Congenital head and neck masses in infants and children. Part II. Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal, 70(2), 75-82.
Guarisco JL. Congenital Head and Neck Masses in Infants and Children. Part II. Ear Nose Throat J. 1991;70(2):75-82. PubMed PMID: 2044478.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Congenital head and neck masses in infants and children. Part II. A1 - Guarisco,J L, PY - 1991/2/1/pubmed PY - 1991/2/1/medline PY - 1991/2/1/entrez SP - 75 EP - 82 JF - Ear, nose, & throat journal JO - Ear Nose Throat J VL - 70 IS - 2 N2 - Congenital head and neck masses in children are a diverse group of lesions. Thyroglossal duct abnormalities are the most common, followed by branchial apparatus abnormalities, lymphangiomas (cystic hygroma), and subcutaneous vascular abnormalities (hemangioma, AVM). It is important to note that cutaneous hemangiomas are not included in this discussion of congenital masses. If they are considered within the general topic of congenital head and neck masses, vascular lesions by far are the most common. Teratomas and dermoid cysts represent true congenital neoplasms and are relatively uncommon. Several rare lesions have been noted in the discussion and should be included in the differential diagnosis. The diagnosis of these particular masses depends largely on history and physical examination. The location of the mass itself greatly limits the differential diagnosis. Ancillary studies such as plain x-rays, ultrasound, CT scanning, and angiography are useful in further limiting the possible diagnoses. Subcutaneous hemangiomas, ectopic thyroid, congenital goiter, and fibromatosis colli can be treated medically or with simple observation. Surgery is reversed for enlarging lesions or lesions affecting vital structures. The remainder of the congenital head and neck masses generally require early excisions to avoid complications of infection, airway obstruction, nutritional compromise, or the risk of malignant transformation. SN - 0145-5613 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2044478/Congenital_head_and_neck_masses_in_infants_and_children__Part_II_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/headandneckcancer.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -