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Drugs of abuse in airborne particulates in urban environments.

Abstract

The presence of cocaine, heroin, cannabinoids and amphetamines, among other drugs of abuse, was detected in airborne particulates in urban environments in Spain. The levels of these compounds were determined at air quality monitoring sites by the application of a novel and specifically targeted analytical methodology, by which mean daily concentrations of cocaine (204-480 pg/m(3), up to one order of magnitude higher than in Italy and Portugal), cannabinoids (THC, 27-44 pg/m(3)), amphetamine (1.4-2.3 pg/m(3)) and heroin (9-143 pg/m(3)) were determined in the atmosphere. Results allowed detecting common temporal consumption patterns between cocaine and cannabis (with week-end maxima), but markedly distinct consumer groups. Personal exposure to the levels of all the drugs detected may be considered negligible, posing no harm for human health. Given the worldwide scarcity of data on drug levels in atmospheric particulates, we present this methodology as a fast, economic and reliable tool to obtain high quality data for the monitoring of drug abuse and drug dealing in cities. Applications include the detection of changes in drug consumption trends, the mapping of drug consumption and/or dealing areas in cities, and the identification of new emerging drugs.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Institute for Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain. mar.viana@idaea.csic.es

    , , , , ,

    Source

    Environment international 36:6 2010 Aug pg 527-34

    MeSH

    Air Pollutants
    Air Pollution
    Amphetamines
    Atmosphere
    Cannabinoids
    Cities
    Cocaine
    Environmental Monitoring
    Heroin
    Particulate Matter
    Street Drugs
    Substance Abuse Detection

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20447692

    Citation

    * When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Drugs of abuse in airborne particulates in urban environments. AU - Viana,M, AU - Querol,X, AU - Alastuey,A, AU - Postigo,C, AU - de Alda,M J López, AU - Barceló,D, AU - Artíñano,B, Y1 - 2010/05/05/ PY - 2010/01/21/received PY - 2010/04/06/revised PY - 2010/04/08/accepted PY - 2010/5/8/entrez PY - 2010/5/8/pubmed PY - 2010/8/31/medline SP - 527 EP - 34 JF - Environment international JO - Environ Int VL - 36 IS - 6 N2 - The presence of cocaine, heroin, cannabinoids and amphetamines, among other drugs of abuse, was detected in airborne particulates in urban environments in Spain. The levels of these compounds were determined at air quality monitoring sites by the application of a novel and specifically targeted analytical methodology, by which mean daily concentrations of cocaine (204-480 pg/m(3), up to one order of magnitude higher than in Italy and Portugal), cannabinoids (THC, 27-44 pg/m(3)), amphetamine (1.4-2.3 pg/m(3)) and heroin (9-143 pg/m(3)) were determined in the atmosphere. Results allowed detecting common temporal consumption patterns between cocaine and cannabis (with week-end maxima), but markedly distinct consumer groups. Personal exposure to the levels of all the drugs detected may be considered negligible, posing no harm for human health. Given the worldwide scarcity of data on drug levels in atmospheric particulates, we present this methodology as a fast, economic and reliable tool to obtain high quality data for the monitoring of drug abuse and drug dealing in cities. Applications include the detection of changes in drug consumption trends, the mapping of drug consumption and/or dealing areas in cities, and the identification of new emerging drugs. SN - 1873-6750 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20447692/abstract/Drugs_of_abuse_in_airborne_particulates_in_urban_environments_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0160-4120(10)00056-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -