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The chiropractic care of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a retrospective case series.
Explore (NY) 2010 May-Jun; 6(3):173-82E

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Characterized with hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence in children, ranging from 2.6% to 11.4%. The medical approach is multimodal, with combination therapies of behavioral modification and pharmacotherapy. With growing concerns regarding the safety of both short-term and long-term use of psychotropic medications, the need for investigating alternative approaches to the care of children is warranted.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this review was to describe the chiropractic care of children with medically diagnosed ADHD.

DESIGN

Retrospective case series were reviewed.

SETTING

The review was conducted in a private practice of chiropractic with a solo practitioner.

PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS

Pediatric patients (aged < or =18 years) attending chiropractic care for a minimum period of five months following a medical diagnosis of ADHD were included in this review.

INTERVENTION

The intervention was chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy augmented by nutritional supplements.

RESULTS

Our review found four patient files satisfying the inclusion criteria. All patients were males, ranging in age from nine to 13 years (mean age, 10 years), with three patients having a history of medication use and two patients having prescribed medication at the start of chiropractic care. Using a 15-item parent/teacher ADHD questionnaire, the patients' responses to chiropractic care were monitored. Using the Friedman test to compare observations repeated on the same subjects, our findings found improvement in ADHD symptoms (ie, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattentiveness, as well as behavioral, social, or emotional difficulties) and provide supporting evidence on the effectiveness of chiropractic in the treatment of children with ADHD.

CONCLUSION

A retrospective case series of ADHD patients under chiropractic care is described. This provides supporting evidence on the benefits of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy. We encourage further research in this area.

Authors+Show Affiliations

International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 N. Middletown Road, Media, PA 19063, USA. dr_jalcantara@yahoo.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20451152

Citation

Alcantara, Joel, and James Davis. "The Chiropractic Care of Children With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder: a Retrospective Case Series." Explore (New York, N.Y.), vol. 6, no. 3, 2010, pp. 173-82.
Alcantara J, Davis J. The chiropractic care of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a retrospective case series. Explore (NY). 2010;6(3):173-82.
Alcantara, J., & Davis, J. (2010). The chiropractic care of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a retrospective case series. Explore (New York, N.Y.), 6(3), pp. 173-82. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2010.02.001.
Alcantara J, Davis J. The Chiropractic Care of Children With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder: a Retrospective Case Series. Explore (NY). 2010;6(3):173-82. PubMed PMID: 20451152.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The chiropractic care of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a retrospective case series. AU - Alcantara,Joel, AU - Davis,James, PY - 2009/11/08/received PY - 2010/5/11/entrez PY - 2010/5/11/pubmed PY - 2010/10/12/medline SP - 173 EP - 82 JF - Explore (New York, N.Y.) JO - Explore (NY) VL - 6 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Characterized with hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence in children, ranging from 2.6% to 11.4%. The medical approach is multimodal, with combination therapies of behavioral modification and pharmacotherapy. With growing concerns regarding the safety of both short-term and long-term use of psychotropic medications, the need for investigating alternative approaches to the care of children is warranted. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to describe the chiropractic care of children with medically diagnosed ADHD. DESIGN: Retrospective case series were reviewed. SETTING: The review was conducted in a private practice of chiropractic with a solo practitioner. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric patients (aged < or =18 years) attending chiropractic care for a minimum period of five months following a medical diagnosis of ADHD were included in this review. INTERVENTION: The intervention was chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy augmented by nutritional supplements. RESULTS: Our review found four patient files satisfying the inclusion criteria. All patients were males, ranging in age from nine to 13 years (mean age, 10 years), with three patients having a history of medication use and two patients having prescribed medication at the start of chiropractic care. Using a 15-item parent/teacher ADHD questionnaire, the patients' responses to chiropractic care were monitored. Using the Friedman test to compare observations repeated on the same subjects, our findings found improvement in ADHD symptoms (ie, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattentiveness, as well as behavioral, social, or emotional difficulties) and provide supporting evidence on the effectiveness of chiropractic in the treatment of children with ADHD. CONCLUSION: A retrospective case series of ADHD patients under chiropractic care is described. This provides supporting evidence on the benefits of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy. We encourage further research in this area. SN - 1878-7541 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20451152/The_chiropractic_care_of_children_with_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder:_a_retrospective_case_series_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1550-8307(10)00003-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -