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Basic reading skills in Swedish children with late developing language and with or without autism spectrum disorder or ADHD.
Res Dev Disabil. 2010 Sep-Oct; 31(5):1054-61.RD

Abstract

Reading skills at age 7-8 years were examined in a community-representative sample of 21 screened and clinically examined children with language delay (LD) followed prospectively from 2.5 years of age. The present study aimed to (1) determine whether these children with a history of LD had deficits in basic reading skills, i.e. decoding and comprehension, compared to the age norms of standardized tests, (2) analyze if there was a relationship between reading outcome and neuropsychiatric diagnosis by comparing three subgroups of children, LD pure, LD+ASD (autism spectrum disorder) and LD+ADHD, and, (3) determine what language measures at age 6 years were associated with the 7-8-year reading outcome. Both decoding and comprehension of single word reading were significantly below the norm for the whole LD group, where children with LD+ASD scored lowest, and children with LD highest. However, the differences between the three groups did not reach significance. Two reader groups were identified according to the results of word decoding and comprehension, respectively, resulting in the same 7 children. ANOVA revealed that the only differences on the 6-year language tests between the two groups were found on color naming and word memory. This study has shown that children with LD and subsequently identified neurodevelopmental problems such as ASD and ADHD experience continued deficits, demonstrated also in reading skills and that the picture of the reading problems seemed to resemble those of typically developing children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Box 452, SE 405 30, Göteborg, Sweden. carmela.miniscalco@neuro.gu.seNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20451347

Citation

Miniscalco, Carmela, and Annika Dahlgren Sandberg. "Basic Reading Skills in Swedish Children With Late Developing Language and With or Without Autism Spectrum Disorder or ADHD." Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 31, no. 5, 2010, pp. 1054-61.
Miniscalco C, Dahlgren Sandberg A. Basic reading skills in Swedish children with late developing language and with or without autism spectrum disorder or ADHD. Res Dev Disabil. 2010;31(5):1054-61.
Miniscalco, C., & Dahlgren Sandberg, A. (2010). Basic reading skills in Swedish children with late developing language and with or without autism spectrum disorder or ADHD. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31(5), 1054-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.04.004
Miniscalco C, Dahlgren Sandberg A. Basic Reading Skills in Swedish Children With Late Developing Language and With or Without Autism Spectrum Disorder or ADHD. Res Dev Disabil. 2010 Sep-Oct;31(5):1054-61. PubMed PMID: 20451347.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Basic reading skills in Swedish children with late developing language and with or without autism spectrum disorder or ADHD. AU - Miniscalco,Carmela, AU - Dahlgren Sandberg,Annika, Y1 - 2010/05/06/ PY - 2010/03/17/received PY - 2010/04/08/accepted PY - 2010/5/11/entrez PY - 2010/5/11/pubmed PY - 2010/10/1/medline SP - 1054 EP - 61 JF - Research in developmental disabilities JO - Res Dev Disabil VL - 31 IS - 5 N2 - Reading skills at age 7-8 years were examined in a community-representative sample of 21 screened and clinically examined children with language delay (LD) followed prospectively from 2.5 years of age. The present study aimed to (1) determine whether these children with a history of LD had deficits in basic reading skills, i.e. decoding and comprehension, compared to the age norms of standardized tests, (2) analyze if there was a relationship between reading outcome and neuropsychiatric diagnosis by comparing three subgroups of children, LD pure, LD+ASD (autism spectrum disorder) and LD+ADHD, and, (3) determine what language measures at age 6 years were associated with the 7-8-year reading outcome. Both decoding and comprehension of single word reading were significantly below the norm for the whole LD group, where children with LD+ASD scored lowest, and children with LD highest. However, the differences between the three groups did not reach significance. Two reader groups were identified according to the results of word decoding and comprehension, respectively, resulting in the same 7 children. ANOVA revealed that the only differences on the 6-year language tests between the two groups were found on color naming and word memory. This study has shown that children with LD and subsequently identified neurodevelopmental problems such as ASD and ADHD experience continued deficits, demonstrated also in reading skills and that the picture of the reading problems seemed to resemble those of typically developing children. SN - 1873-3379 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20451347/Basic_reading_skills_in_Swedish_children_with_late_developing_language_and_with_or_without_autism_spectrum_disorder_or_ADHD_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0891-4222(10)00083-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -